Mental Health Symptoms Improve With Smoking Cessation
WEDNESDAY, March 24, 2021 -- Smoking cessation is associated with improvement in mental health symptoms, according to a review published online March 9 in the Cochrane Library.
Gemma M.J. Taylor, Ph.D., from the University of Bath in the United Kingdom, and colleagues conducted a systematic review of the literature to examine the correlation between tobacco smoking cessation and change in mental health. Data were included for 102 studies with more than 169,500 participants; 63 studies provided data on change in mental health.
The researchers found that compared with continuing to smoke, smoking cessation correlated with an improvement in mental health symptoms: anxiety symptoms (standardized mean difference [SMD], −0.28), depression symptoms (SMD, −0.30), and mixed anxiety and depression symptoms (SMD, −0.31). Smoking cessation also correlated with an improvement in symptoms of stress (SMD, −0.19), positive affect (SMD, 0.22), and psychological quality of life (SMD, 0.11). There was evidence that smoking cessation was not linked to a decrease in social quality of life. Compared with those who continued smoking, those who stopped smoking had a lower incidence of new mixed anxiety and depression (odds ratio, 0.76) and anxiety disorder (odds ratio, 0.61).
"The benefits of smoking cessation on mood seem to be similar in a range of people, and most crucially, there is no reason to fear that people with mental health conditions will experience a worsening of their health if they stop smoking," Taylor said in a statement.
One author disclosed financial ties to Johnson & Johnson.
© 2021 HealthDay. All rights reserved.
Posted: March 2021
Read this next
FRIDAY, April 16, 2021 -- People with a severe mental illness (SMI) are more likely to die following a heart attack than those without a psychiatric diagnosis, according to a...
FRIDAY, April 16, 2021 -- Gen X and Gen Y are showing poorer physical health and higher levels of unhealthy behaviors compared with older generations, according to a study...
THURSDAY, April 15, 2021 -- Women diagnosed with ovarian cancer are more than three times more likely to be diagnosed with mental illnesses, such as anxiety, depression, and...
More News Resources
- FDA Medwatch Drug Alerts
- Daily MedNews
- News for Health Professionals
- New Drug Approvals
- New Drug Applications
- Drug Shortages
- Clinical Trial Results
- Generic Drug Approvals
Subscribe to our Newsletter
Whatever your topic of interest, subscribe to our newsletters to get the best of Drugs.com in your inbox.