Are Male Marathoners More Competitive Than Women?
SATURDAY, April 17 -- Women run marathons to feel good while men run for competition and to achieve personal goals, a new study suggests.
The research included 507 female and 399 male first-time marathoners, ages 18 to 72, who completed an online questionnaire designed to reveal the participants' motivation for taking part in the long-distance running event.
Overall, the reasons most often given for taking part in a marathon were: self-esteem, such as "to feel proud of myself"; achievement of personal goals, such as "to finish the race in a certain time"; and health, such as "to improve my health."
Women were more likely to give reasons related to weight concerns, psychological coping, such as "to improve my mood," or life meaning, such as "to feel at peace with the world." Men were more likely to give reasons focused on competition and personal goal achievement, such as "to see how high I can place."
"We also asked the participants whether they planned on doing another marathon," study author Elizabeth Loughren, of the University of Birmingham in England, said in a news release. She conducted the study while at Temple University in Philadelphia.
About "70 percent of women and 79 percent of men told us they intended to run another marathon within the next six months or year. The most popular reasons why were: 'to lower my finish time' (83 percent), 'to include the race as part of a vacation weekend' (74 percent), and 'to improve my training' (63 percent). Over 85 percent of males overwhelmingly cited to lower their finish time, whereas 79 percent of females did so," Loughren said.
The study was to be presented Friday at the annual conference of the British Psychological Society.
The U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute offers a guide to physical activity.
Posted: April 2010