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July 2019 Briefing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for July 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

U-Shaped Association Found for Hemoglobin Level, Dementia Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 -- There is a U-shaped association for hemoglobin levels with risk for dementia, including Alzheimer disease, according to a study published online July 31 in Neurology.

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Hot Pavement Can Burn Feet in Seconds

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 -- Hot pavement poses a burn risk, particularly when outside temperatures reach greater than 95 degrees Fahrenheit, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Journal of Burn Care & Research.

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Preeclampsia History Increases Risk for End-Stage Kidney Disease

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 -- Women with preeclampsia have an increased risk for developing end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), according to a study published online July 30 in PLOS Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Risk for Allergy Development Increased After Gastric Acid Inhibitor Use

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 -- Patients receiving gastric acid inhibitors have an increase in prescriptions of anti-allergic drugs, according to a study published online July 30 in Nature Communications.

Abstract/Full Text

Estimated U.K. Incidence Rate of Lyme Disease 12.1 per 100,000

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 -- The incidence of Lyme disease (LD) increased from 2001 to 2012 in the United Kingdom, with an estimated incidence rate of 12.1 per 100,000 individuals per year, according to a study published online July 30 in BMJ Open.

Moving House in First Trimester Linked to Worse Infant Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 -- Moving to a new home in the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with an increased risk for low birth weight and preterm birth, according to a study published online July 30 in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

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With Standard Care, BP Control Still Worse in Low-Income Areas

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 -- Receiving treatment at clinics in the lowest-income sites is associated with poorer blood pressure control and worse outcomes, according to a study published online July 31 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Likelihood of Trying Drugs for the First Time Higher in the Summer

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 -- Summer appears to be a risk factor for drug use initiation, according to a study published online July 23 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Smoking May Limit Success of Embolization Therapy for PAVMs

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 -- For patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), the rates of pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) persistence after pulmonary embolization are increased with active tobacco use, according to a study published online July 30 in Radiology.

Abstract/Full Text

Burnout Symptoms May Up Racial Bias Among Resident Physicians

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 -- Symptoms of burnout seem to be associated with greater explicit and implicit racial bias among resident physicians, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Having a Partner, Health Impact Postmenopausal Sexual Activity

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 -- Having a partner and good physical health are key factors for continuation of sexual activity among postmenopausal women, according to a study published online July 8 in Menopause.

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Oral Semaglutide Reduces HbA1c, Weight in Patients With T2DM

WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 -- Compared with placebo, oral semaglutide monotherapy is associated with superior and clinically relevant improvements in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and weight loss among patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online July 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Oil, Gas Well Exposure May Up Risk for Congenital Heart Defects

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 -- Pregnant women living near more oil and natural gas development activity have a greater chance of giving birth to children with congenital heart defects (CHDs), according to a study published online July 18 in Environment International.

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$70 Million Settlement Reached in Generic Drug Delay Case

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 -- Three drug companies will pay a total of nearly $70 million to California to settle charges of delaying the sale of generic drugs to keep brand-name drug prices high, the state's attorney general said Monday.

AP News Article

CDC: General Fertility Rate, Teen Birth Rate Decreasing in U.S.

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 -- From 2017 to 2018, there were decreases in the U.S. general fertility rate and the teen birth rate, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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New Opioid Rx Rules Coming for U.S. Employees' Health Plans

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 -- Tighter rules on opioid painkiller prescriptions for U.S. government employees will be implemented in the fall, the Trump Administration says.

AP News Article

Earlier Puberty in Swedish Boys Only Partially Due to Higher BMI

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 -- There is a secular trend for earlier pubertal timing among Swedish boys, according to a study published online July 22 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Work-Related Injuries Up Suicide and Drug-Related Death

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 -- Workplace injuries severe enough to warrant more than a week away from work may increase the risk for death among workers, according to a study published online July 12 in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine.

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National Norms Developed for Assessing Medical School Empathy

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 -- National norms have been developed for assessing empathy among men and women at different levels of medical school education, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

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SGLT-2 Inhibitor Use Not Linked to Increased Risk for UTI Events

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 -- Initiation of therapy with sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors for type 2 diabetes mellitus is not associated with an increased risk for urinary tract infection (UTI) events compared with initiation of other second-line antidiabetic medications, according to a study published online July 30 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Poll: Patients Want to Talk to Physicians About Self-Care

TUESDAY, July 30, 2019 -- According to recent survey results, patients want more information from physicians on self-care.

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Authors Say Lower BP Targets May Cut Recurrent Stroke Risk

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 -- Intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering nonsignificantly reduces the risk for recurrence among patients with a history of stroke compared with a standard BP-lowering regimen, according to a study published online July 29 in JAMA Neurology.

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N.C. Man Dies of Brain-Eating Amoeba After Visiting Water Park

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 -- The rare brain-eating amoeba Naegleria fowleri has been confirmed as the cause of death of a North Carolina man.

CBS News Article
More Information: CDC

Experts Warn of Mosquito-Borne Brain Infection in Florida

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 -- There is an increased risk for a mosquito-borne virus that causes brain infection and swelling, Florida health officials warn.

CNN Article
More Information: CDC

Exposure to Urban Tree Canopy Beneficial for Mental Health

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 -- Increased exposure to total green space, and urban tree canopy specifically, is associated with a reduced incidence of psychological distress, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Opioid Prescribing, New Persistent Use Down After Childbirth

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 -- Since 2008, there has been a decrease in opioid prescribing and new persistent use after vaginal or cesarean delivery, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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Pediatricians Have Role to Play in Addressing Racism

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 -- Pediatricians should play a role in advocating to redress biases and inequalities in the health system and other systems, according to a policy statement published online July 29 in Pediatrics.

Policy Statement
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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Consumer Products Tied to Three-Fourths of Youth Brain Injuries

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 -- Nearly three-quarters of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) in children and teens are attributable to consumer products that are regulated by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, according to a study published online July 29 in the journal Brain Injury.

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Serious Falls Pose Risk to People Living With HIV

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 -- Benzodiazepines and muscle relaxants are associated with serious falls among people living with HIV in their 50s, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

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Random Plasma Glucose Levels Can Predict Diabetes Diagnosis

MONDAY, July 29, 2019 -- Random plasma glucose (RPG) levels can predict development of diabetes, according to a study published online July 19 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Adherence to Aerobic Activity Guidelines Not Up Since 2008

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 -- Since publication of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (PAG) in 2008, there has been no increase in adherence to aerobic activity guidelines, while sedentary time has increased, according to a study published online July 26 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

JUUL E-Cigarettes Never Meant for Teens, Company Cofounder Says

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 -- JUUL developed its electronic cigarette for adult smokers who want to stop and never intended it to be adopted by underage teenagers, company cofounder James Monsees told a U.S. House subcommittee on Thursday, adding that "combating underage use" is the company's highest priority, the Associated Press reported.

Outpatient Service Receipt Down After Medicaid Disenrollment

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 -- For patients with mental health (MH) disorders, disenrollment in Medicaid is associated with a reduction in the likelihood of receiving any outpatient service and any MH-related outpatient service, according to a study published in the August issue of Medical Care.

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Testosterone Replacement Therapy May Increase Cardiovascular Risk

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 -- For aging men with low testosterone levels, testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) may increase the risk of cardiovascular events, especially in the first two years of use, according to a study published in the September issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

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Some Men at Risk for HIV Do Not Live Near PrEP Provider

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 -- A considerable proportion of men who have sex with men (MSM), who are eligible for HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), live in locations with no nearby PrEP provider, according to a study published online July 18 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Review Supports Testosterone for Low Sexual Desire in Women

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 -- For postmenopausal women with low sexual desire causing distress, testosterone is an effective treatment, with a preference for nonoral administration, according to a review published online July 25 in the The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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Vitamin D Supplementation Beneficial for Glucose Metabolism

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 -- Vitamin D3 supplementation can improve glucose metabolism in patients at high risk of diabetes or with newly-diagnosed diabetes, according to a study published online July 1 in the European Journal of Endocrinology.

Daily E-Cigarette Use May Increase Prolonged Cigarette Abstinence

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 -- Daily electronic-cigarette use is associated with increased odds of prolonged regular cigarette smoking abstinence, according to a study published online July 11 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

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Online Symptom Self-Management + Telehealth Aids Pain, Mood

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 -- Online symptom self-management plus clinician telecare can be effective for individuals with pain, depression, and anxiety, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Mortality Up in Women With Central Obesity, Regardless of BMI

FRIDAY, July 26, 2019 -- Women with normal-weight central obesity have increased mortality risk compared with normal weight women with no central obesity, according to a study published online July 24 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Most Pediatric In-Flight Medical Events Handled by Crew

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 -- Most pediatric in-flight medical events (IFMEs) are handled by crewmembers, according to a study published online July 25 in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

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Bariatric Surgery Up in Patients With End-Stage Kidney Disease

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 -- For patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), there has been an increase in bariatric surgery, with proportional use of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy increasing, according to a study published online July 25 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Taking Prescription Opioids Could Limit Primary Care Access

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- Access to primary care may be reduced for patients taking prescription opioids, according to a study published online July 12 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Minor Changes in BMD Seen With Tenofovir PrEP in Short Term

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 -- Tenofovir preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) therapy does not appear to be associated with clinically significant declines in bone mineral density (BMD) in the short term, according to a study published online June 19 in AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses.

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Exposure to Air Pollution Tied to Raised Odds of NICU Admission

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 -- Acute exposure to pollutants in the week prior to delivery and day of delivery is associated with increased odds of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, according to a study published online July 12 in the Annals of Epidemiology.

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Targeted Interventions Raise HPV Vaccine Acceptance in Women

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 -- Among young women, targeted educational interventions, particularly educational videos, increase human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine acceptability and knowledge, according to a study published online July 9 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Increase in Rates of Medical Imaging in Pregnancy in U.S., Canada

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 -- From 1996 to 2016, the rates of medical imaging among pregnant women increased in the United States and Ontario, Canada, according to a study published online July 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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BPA Substitute Chemicals Linked to Obesity in Children

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 -- Exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) substitute chemicals, bisphenol S (BPS) and bisphenol F (BPF), is associated with obesity among children, according to a study published online July 25 in the Journal of the Endocrine Society.

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Higher Fasting Plasma Glucose May Up Pancreatic Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, July 25, 2019 -- The incidence rate of pancreatic cancer increases with rising fasting blood glucose levels, even within the normal range, according to a study published online July 24 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Private Equity Stake Rising Among Dermatology Practices

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 -- Private equity (PE) firms have a stake in an increasing number of dermatology practices throughout the United States, according to a study published online July 24 in JAMA Dermatology.

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Mediterranean Diet May Reduce Gestational Diabetes Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 -- Following a Mediterranean diet in pregnancy does not reduce the risk for adverse maternal and offspring complications but may reduce the odds of gestational diabetes, according to a study published online July 23 in PLOS Medicine.

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FDA Warns CBD Product Maker About False Claims

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 -- A warning letter has been issued to Massachusetts-based Curaleaf Inc. for illegally selling unapproved cannabidiol (CBD) products online with unproven claims that the products treat cancer, Alzheimer disease, opioid withdrawal, pain, and other health problems, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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CDC: Mortality Rates Continue to Decrease for Hispanic Adults

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 -- Age-adjusted death rates decreased for Hispanic adults from 2000 through 2017, while for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black adults, the rates have remained stable since 2011-2012, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Cuts in Fine Particulate Matter Pollution Have Spared U.S. Lives

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 -- Recent reductions in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) have resulted in lower mortality in most counties in the United States, according to a study published online July 23 in PLOS Medicine.

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Former NFL Participation Linked to Increased A-Fib Prevalence

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 -- Former National Football League (NFL) players have an increased prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and slowed cardiac conduction, according to a study published online July 24 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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WHO 'Treat All' Recommendation for HIV Widely Implemented

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 -- The World Health Organization "Treat All" strategy for antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation among patients living with HIV was the standard of care at almost all International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) sites by mid-2017, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the International AIDS Society.

Abstract/Full Text

Weight Loss Experiences Differ for Minority Groups With T2DM

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 -- Daily self-weighing uptake is considerable among minority subgroups with type 2 diabetes and is associated with year 1 weight loss among African-Americans, according to a study published online July 24 in Obesity.

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Cancer Risks Examined in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

WEDNESDAY, July 24, 2019 -- Compared with the general population, there is an increased risk for certain cancers in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Singapore, according to a study published online July 11 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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USPSTF Reaffirms Benefit of Hep B Screening in Pregnant Women

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening pregnant women for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection at their first prenatal visit (A recommendation). This recommendation forms the basis of an updated final recommendation statement published in the July 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Recommendation Statement
Evidence Report (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

2001 to 2017 Saw Increase in Suicides in African-American Teens

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- From 2001 to 2017, the rate of suicides among African-American (AA) adolescents increased, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of Community Health.

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Filgotinib Bests Placebo in Tx of Refractory Rheumatoid Arthritis

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- Among patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) resistant to previous therapy with biologic agents, a significantly higher clinical response rate was seen at 12 weeks for those receiving filgotinib versus placebo, according to a study published in the July 23/30 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Nonphysican Practitioners Filling Post-ACA Primary Care Gap

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- Primary care practices may be relying on advanced practitioners (APs) to accommodate new Medicaid beneficiaries following the passage of the Affordable Care Act, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Senate Bill Would Reduce Drug Costs for Seniors

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- A bill to reduce prescription drug costs for millions of Medicare recipients and lower federal and state health costs has been introduced by two U.S. senators.

AP News Article

One in Five Workers Exposed to Secondhand Smoke on the Job

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- One in five nonsmoking workers report exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) at work, according to research published in the July 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Long-Term Diastolic Dysfunction Seen After Early Preeclampsia

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- Women with a history of early or preterm preeclampsia have an increased prevalence of diastolic dysfunction, according to a review published online July 2 in the Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine.

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CV Event Risk Up With Rejected, Abandoned PCSK9i Prescriptions

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- Patients with rejected or abandoned prescriptions for proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9i) have a significantly increased risk for cardiovascular events than those with paid prescriptions, according to a study published online July 23 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Reducing Air Pollution Could Cut Rates of Childhood Asthma

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- Statistical models demonstrate how targeting certain air pollutants could reduce the incidence of childhood asthma, according to a study published online July 22 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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T2DM Increases Gastric Cancer Risk After H. Pylori Eradication

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- Type 2 diabetes mellitus increases the risk for gastric cancer after treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection, according to a study published online July 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Stimulant Treatment Has Strong Protective Effect in ADHD

TUESDAY, July 23, 2019 -- For youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), stimulants have strong protective effects on functional outcomes, according to a study published online July 23 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Abstract/Full Text

Smoking Has Long-Term Impact on Peripheral Artery Disease Risk

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 -- Both duration and intensity of smoking have a long-term impact on the risk for three major atherosclerotic diseases: peripheral artery disease (PAD), coronary heart disease (CHD), and stroke, according to a study published in the July 30 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Almost One in Four Adults ≥40 Takes Aspirin for CVD Prevention

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 -- Nearly 30 million U.S. adults aged 40 years or older use aspirin to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD), including 6.6 million without a physician's recommendation, according to a research letter published online July 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Nonprescription Antibiotic Use Seems Prevalent in the United States

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 -- Nonprescription antibiotic use appears to be prevalent in the United States, according to a review published online July 23 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Plant-Based Diets Inversely Linked to Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 -- Plant-based dietary patterns seem to be beneficial for the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes, especially when the diets are enriched with healthful plant-based foods, according to a review published online July 22 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Proportion of CRC Diagnoses Increased in Adults Younger Than 50

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 -- From 2004 to 2015, there was an increase in the proportion of persons diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC) at an age younger than 50 years in the United States, according to a study published online July 22 in Cancer.

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State-Level Firearm Ownership Linked to Domestic Firearm Homicide

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 -- There is an association for state-level firearm ownership rates with domestic, but not nondomestic, firearm homicide, according to a study published online July 22 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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More Screen Time Ups Risk for Depression in Adolescents

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 -- Increases in time spent on social media, computers, and watching television are linked to a corresponding increase in depression in adolescents, according to a study published online July 15 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Pediatricians Can Play Role in Ensuring School Readiness

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 -- Social-emotional and behavioral skills are important for school readiness, and preschoolers with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have increased odds of impaired school readiness, according to a technical report and study published online July 22 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text - Technical Report
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New ACC/AHA Guidelines Detect More Cases of Gestational Hypertension

MONDAY, July 22, 2019 -- Adopting the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for hypertension resulted in an increase in the prevalence of high blood pressure in pregnant women, according to a study published in the July 5 issue of Circulation Research.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

FRAX Score Underestimates Risk for Fracture in Multiple Sclerosis

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 -- Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a risk factor for major fractures independent of the Fracture Risk Assessment tool (FRAX) score, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Family Support May Improve Asthma Outcomes in Poor Youth

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 -- Better family relationships are associated with better asthma management behaviors and outcomes for those living in neighborhoods characterized as dangerous and/or disorderly, according to a study published online July 18 in Pediatrics.

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Frequency of Cannabis Use Before, During Pregnancy Increasing

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 -- From 2009 to 2017, the frequency of cannabis use in the year before pregnancy and during pregnancy increased, according to a study published online July 19 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

EPA Will Not Ban Pesticide Linked to Brain Harm in Children

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 -- Even though the pesticide chlorpyrifos has been linked to brain harm in children, it will not be banned in the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency announced Thursday.

The New York Times Article

Recommendations Developed for Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 -- In the July 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, recommendations are presented for use of the Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccine.

Abstract/Full Text

Excess Risk for Diabetes-Linked Heart Failure Greater in Women

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 -- The excess risk for heart failure associated with diabetes is significantly greater in women than men, according to a meta-analysis published online July 18 in Diabetologia.

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Financial Incentives Help People Stop Smoking

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 -- Financial incentives do seem to help people quit smoking, according to a study published July 17 in the Cochrane Library.

Supply of Opioids Predicts Long-Term Use in Injured Workers

FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 -- The number of days supplied of an initial opioid prescription is the strongest risk factor for developing long-term opioid use among previously opioid-free injured workers, according to a study published online July 17 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Prevalence of Suicide Ideation 4.6 Percent in Pregnant Women

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 -- For low-income pregnant women, the prevalence of suicide ideation is 4.6 percent, with increased odds of suicide ideation for women with depression, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of the Journal of Affective Disorders.

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CDC: Prevalence of Smoking Quit Attempts Unchanged in Most States

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 -- During 2011 to 2017, the prevalence of quit attempts in adult smokers did not change significantly in 44 states and increased in only four states, according to research published in the July 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

About One in 20 Patients Exposed to Preventable Harm

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 -- The pooled prevalence of preventable patient harm is 6 percent across a range of medical settings globally, according to a review published online July 17 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

CDC Assesses Burden of Eye Disorders in Adults With Diabetes

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 -- Eye disorders frequently affect adults aged 45 years and older with diagnosed diabetes, and disorders are more common for those with diagnosed diabetes for 10 years or more, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

Air Pollution Found to Accelerate Aging of the Lungs

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 -- Ambient air pollution is associated with lower lung function and increased chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) prevalence, according to a study published online July 8 in the European Respiratory Journal.

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Systolic, Diastolic HTN Contribute to Adverse CV Events

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 -- Both systolic and diastolic hypertension contribute independently to the risk for adverse cardiovascular events, according to a study published in the July 18 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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People Living With HIV Have Higher Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 -- People living with HIV (PLWH) have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online July 2 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract/Full Text

U.S. Drug OD Deaths Fall for First Time in Three Decades

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 -- For the first time in three decades, drug overdose deaths in the United States fell last year, preliminary federal government data suggest.

AP News Article

WHO Declares Congo Ebola Outbreak Global Health Emergency

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 -- The World Health Organization on Wednesday called the year-old outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo a global health emergency, The New York Times reported.

The New York Times Article
More Information: WHO

Age, Race Disparities Identified in Inpatient Portal Use

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 -- Older patients and African-American patients use an inpatient portal less often than younger and white patients, according to a study published online July 9 in Telemedicine and e-Health.

Abstract/Full Text

Many Patients With Depression Do Not Need a Psychiatrist

WEDNESDAY, July 16, 2019 -- Primary care doctors can detect and treat most cases of depression, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Extremely Low LDL Cholesterol May Up Stroke Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 17, 2019 -- Cholesterol levels that are too low may increase the risk for hemorrhagic stroke, according to a study published online July 2 in Neurology.

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Educational Handout May Increase Receipt of Child Flu Shot

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 -- Providing an educational handout about influenza disease in the waiting room before a pediatric provider visit may increase receipt of child influenza vaccine, according to a study published online July 8 in Pediatrics.

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1999 to 2017 Saw Increase in Unintentional Injury Death Rates

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 -- From 1999 to 2017, there was an increase in unintentional injury death rates, with variation in trends by leading causes of unintentional injury death, according to a July data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

Most Adults Favor Cutting Nicotine Levels in Cigarettes

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 -- Most adults favor requiring cigarette makers to lower the level of nicotine in cigarettes, according to a study published online July 11 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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HIV-Infected Cells Persist in CSF in Individuals on Long-Term ART

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 -- About half of HIV-positive individuals on long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART) have HIV-infected cells in their cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), according to a study published online July 15 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

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Alirocumab Cuts CV Absolute Risk the Most for Those With Diabetes

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 -- Among those receiving alirocumab in addition to statin therapy to reduce the risk for another cardiovascular event after a recent acute coronary syndrome, absolute risk reduction is greater for those with diabetes, according to a study published online July 1 in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

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CVD Risk Up in Later Life for Young Adults With High LDL or Hypertension

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 -- Young adult exposures to elevated systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) are associated with increased risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in later life, according to a study published in the July 23 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Racial Disparity Shown in Odds of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Diagnosis

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 -- The odds of diagnosis of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) are increased for non-Hispanic black and Hispanic women and for younger women, according to a study published online July 8 in Cancer.

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Depression at Time of Diagnosis May Worsen Survival in Blood Cancers

TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 -- Symptoms of depression are common among patients diagnosed with hematological malignancy, and depressive symptoms are associated with shorter survival, according to a study published online July 2 in Psycho-Oncology.

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Frequent Fried Food Intake Increases Risk for Coronary Artery Disease

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 -- The frequency of fried food consumption shows a positive linear relationship with the risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), according to a study recently published in Clinical Nutrition.

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Increase Seen in Foster Care Entries Due to Parental Drug Use

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 -- The number of foster care entries attributable to parental drug use increased considerably from 2000 to 2017, according to a research letter published online July 15 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Congo Officials: First Ebola Case Confirmed in City of Goma

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 -- The first case of Ebola in the city of Goma has been confirmed, Democratic Republic of Congo officials said Sunday.

CNN Article

Company Reaches $1.4 Billion Settlement in Opioid Treatment Investigation

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 -- A drug company has reached a $1.4 billion settlement with the U.S. government over an investigation into the company's marketing and sales of a prescription drug used to treat opioid addiction.

CNN Article
More Information: DOJ

E-Cigarette Restrictions May Up Combustible Cigarette Use

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 -- Restrictive regulations regarding electronic cigarette (EC) characteristics may result in increased combustible cigarette (CC) use among dual EC and CC users, according to a study published online July 15 in Substance Use & Misuse.

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Practitioner Empathy Has Lasting Benefit After T2DM Diagnosis

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 -- Positive patient experiences of practitioner empathy in the year after type 2 diabetes diagnosis can confer long-term benefit, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Prepregnancy Surgery Linked to Risk for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 -- Prepregnancy surgery is associated with elevated neonatal abstinence syndrome risk in future pregnancies, according to a study published in the July 15 issue of CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Firearm-Related Pediatric Mortality Down With Stricter Laws

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 -- States with stricter firearm legislation have lower rates of firearm-related pediatric mortality, according to a study published online July 15 in Pediatrics.

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Risk for Arterial Hypertension Up With Air Pollutant Exposure

MONDAY, July 15, 2019 -- For individuals living in multistory houses (MH), residential exposure to air pollutants is associated with an increased risk for arterial hypertension (AH), according to a study published online June 24 in the Journal of Public Health.

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Productivity Loss Sizable With Menstruation-Related Symptoms

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 -- Menstruation-related symptoms (MRS) cause a great deal of productivity loss, mainly due to presenteeism, according to research published online June 27 in BMJ Open.

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Prenatal Opioid Exposure Harms Long-Term Child Development

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 -- Prenatal opioid exposure (POE) is negatively associated with neurocognitive and physical development in offspring from the age of 6 months into school age, according to a study published online July 12 in JAMA Network Open.

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Rabies Warning Issued for Walt Disney World Resort Area

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 -- A rabies warning was issued for Walt Disney World Resort and the surrounding area after a rabid cat scratched two employees.

USA Today Article

Kratom Use Associated With Significant Toxicities

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 -- The unregulated herbal supplement known as kratom, which is mainly used for self-treating pain or mood disorders in the United States, is associated with significant toxicities, according to a report published in the July issue of Pharmacotherapy.

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U.S. Health, Economic Burden of Uncontrolled Asthma Projected

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 -- The economic burden of uncontrolled asthma is considerable and is projected to continue increasing, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Erectile Dysfunction Presents Large Global Health Burden

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 -- Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a large global burden and is associated with increased risks for cardiovascular disease, dementia, and early death, according to a review published online July 2 in BJU International.

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Serious Misdiagnosis-Related Harms Mostly Due to 'Big Three'

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 -- Vascular events, infections, and cancers account for about three-quarters of serious misdiagnosis-related harms, according to a study published online July 11 in Diagnosis.

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Prolonged TV Viewing Tied to CVD Events, Mortality in Blacks

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 -- Prolonged television viewing, but not occupational sitting, is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and all-cause mortality in blacks, according to a study published in the July 2 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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CDC: Workplace Absenteeism High in 2017/2018 Flu Season

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 -- Workplace absenteeism during the high-severity 2017 to 2018 influenza season increased sharply in November and peaked in January, reaching a higher level than the average during the previous five seasons, according to research published in the July 5 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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CRP-Guided Testing Cuts Antibiotic Use in COPD Exacerbations

FRIDAY, July 12, 2019 -- For patients with an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), point-of-care testing of C-reactive protein (CRP) to guide antibiotic prescribing can reduce antibiotic use, according to a study published in the July 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Uncontrolled Diabetes, Hypertension Rates High in CKD Patients

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 -- For patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), the prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension and diabetes is high and has not improved over time, according to a study published online July 11 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Negative Cognitive Bias May Be Key to Depression in Active IBD

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 -- Biases in emotional processing may contribute to depression in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who have active disease, according to a study published online July 2 in Neurogastroenterology & Motility.

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Awareness, Use of PrEP on Rise Among Men Who Have Sex With Men

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 -- There has been a recent increase in the awareness and use of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among men who have sex with men (MSM), according to research published in the July 12 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Capping Work Hours in Residency Does Not Impact Outcomes Later

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 -- Exposure of U.S. physicians to work-hour reforms during residency training is not associated with post-training differences in patient mortality, readmissions, or costs of care, according to a study published online July 11 in The BMJ.

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Exposure to 2009 pH1N1 Vaccine During Pregnancy Seems Safe

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 -- Exposure to the 2009 pandemic H1N1 (pH1N1) influenza vaccine in pregnancy is not associated with most negative health outcomes among offspring, according to a study published online July 10 in The BMJ.

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Sugary Beverage Consumption Linked to Increased Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 -- Higher consumption of sugary drinks is associated with an increased risk for overall cancer and breast cancer, according to a study published online July 10 in The BMJ.

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Rimegepant Shows Promise for Relief From Migraine Attacks

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 -- Compared with placebo, rimegepant, an orally administered, small-molecule, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist, can increase the percentage of patients free of pain and free from their most bothersome symptom during a migraine attack, according to a study published in the July 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Health Care Professionals Exhibit Gender Bias

THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 -- Survey results show that health care professionals have implicit and explicit gender bias, according to a study published online July 5 in JAMA Network Open.

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Galcanezumab Can Cut Frequency of Cluster Headache Attacks

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 -- Galcanezumab can reduce the frequency of episodic cluster headache attacks, according to a study published in the July 11 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Mentally Stimulating Activities Lower Risk for Cognitive Decline

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 -- Among community-dwelling older persons, engaging in a higher number of mentally stimulating activities, particularly in late life, is associated with a lower risk for developing mild cognitive impairment (MCI), according to a study published online July 10 in Neurology.

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President to Sign Order to Improve Kidney Disease Care

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 -- Significant changes in how kidney disease is treated in the United States are outlined in an executive order that was signed Wednesday by President Donald Trump.

AP News Article

Lab Tests Show Experimental Ebola Treatments Effective

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 -- Two experimental Ebola treatments being used in the current outbreak in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo have proved effective in laboratory tests with human cells, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The study was published online July 9 in the The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Guidance Updated for Managing Infants at Risk for Group B Strep

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 -- Guidelines for the management and treatment of group B streptococcal (GBS) disease in infants were published online July 8 in Pediatrics.

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Two Algorithms Can ID Patients at Risk for HIV, PrEP Candidates

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 -- Two new research papers, published online July 5 in The Lancet HIV, present algorithms that can help identify patients at risk for HIV and candidates for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP).

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Risk for Cancer Higher in Those With Congenital Heart Disease

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 -- Children and young adult patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) have an increased risk for developing cancer, according to a study published online July 5 in JAMA Network Open.

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About 12 Percent With Ankle Sprain Fill Opioid Prescriptions

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 -- Overall, 11.9 percent of patients diagnosed with an ankle sprain fill an opioid prescription within seven days of diagnosis, according to a research letter published online July 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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High Sodium, High Fiber Both Increase Bloated Feeling

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 -- Both high-sodium and high-fiber diets increase patient reports of bloating, according to a study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

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New WIC Food Options Improve Maternal, Birth Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 -- Revisions to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food package are associated with beneficial impacts on maternal and birth outcomes, according to a study published online July 1 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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High Incarceration Rates Tied to More Drug-Related Deaths

WEDNESDAY, July 10, 2019 -- Reduced household income and high incarceration rates are associated with drug-related deaths, according to a study published in the July issue of The Lancet Public Health.

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Fewer New Measles Cases Reported Last Week in U.S.

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 -- There were just over a dozen measles cases reported last week in the United States, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Monday.

CNN Article
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CDC Updates Data on Cases Meeting Criterion for Acute Flaccid Myelitis

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 -- Clinical and laboratory data have been updated for cases that met the clinical criterion for acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) in the United States during 2018, according to a Vital Signs report published in the July 9 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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EHR System-Generated In-Basket Messages Linked to Burnout

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 -- Receipt of more than the average number of electronic health record (EHR) system-generated in-basket messages is associated with an increased probability of physician burnout, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of Health Affairs.

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Rule Requiring Drug Prices in TV Ads Blocked by Judge

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 -- A Trump administration rule to force pharmaceutical companies to disclose the list prices of their drugs in television ads was blocked Monday by a federal judge.

The New York Times Article

Androgen Deprivation Therapy May Up Risk of Alzheimer Disease

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 -- Among elderly patients with prostate cancer, androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) exposure is associated with subsequent diagnosis of Alzheimer disease or dementia, according to a study published online July 3 in JAMA Network Open.

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Food Insecurity Associated With Increased Insulin Resistance

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 -- Household food insecurity (HFI) is associated with insulin resistance among Latinos with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Nutrition.

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Adults With Cerebral Palsy at Higher Risk for Osteoporosis

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 -- Cerebral palsy (CP) is associated with an increased risk for osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, according to a study published in the August issue of Bone.

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Environment May Be Main Factor in Norway's Obesity Epidemic

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 -- Environment most likely remains the main contributor to the obesity epidemic in Norway, given that body mass index (BMI) has increased for both genetically predisposed and nonpredisposed people since the 1960s, according to a study published online July 3 in The BMJ.

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In-Hospital Maternal Mortality Down in Pregnancies With Lupus

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 -- In-hospital maternal mortality decreased from 1998 to 2015 in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and non-SLE pregnancies, with a greater decline for SLE pregnancies, according to a study published online July 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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School Performance Down With Adverse Childhood Experiences

TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 -- Children's school performance and attitudes decline as their adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) increase, according to a study published online July 8 in Pediatrics.

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Consistent Time of Day Aids Workout Habit

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 -- Consistency in timing of workouts may help sustain high physical activity levels among adults successfully maintaining weight loss, according to a study published online July 3 in Obesity.

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Most Supplements Offer Little Protection Against Heart Disease

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 -- Certain nutritional supplements and dietary interventions may reduce the risk for some cardiovascular outcomes in adults; however, the overall effect of nutritional supplements on cardiovascular disease outcomes remains unclear, according to a review published online July 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Eye Drops, Ointments Sold at Walgreens Recalled

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 -- A number of over-the-counter eye products sold at Walgreens have been recalled by manufacturer Altaire Pharmaceuticals because the products may not be sterile.

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Early Warning Signs May Predate Eating Disorder Onset

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 -- Early warning signs may help providers identify eating disorders earlier, according to a study published online July 1 in the British Journal of Psychiatry.

Risk of Stillbirth Increases in Pregnancies Past 37 Weeks

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 -- The risk for stillbirth increases the longer a pregnancy continues past 37 weeks of gestation, according to a meta-analysis published online July 2 in PLOS Medicine.

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Treating Depression May Reduce Mortality in Diabetes Patients

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 -- The use of most types of antidepressants (ATDs) is associated with significantly reduced mortality among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and comorbid depression, according to a study published online July 2 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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45 Percent of U.S. Adults Have Some Doubts About Vaccine Safety

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 -- Just under half of U.S. adults have some doubts about vaccine safety, according to a survey released by the American Osteopathic Association.

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New Staffing Data Source Can Improve Nursing Home Monitoring

MONDAY, July 8, 2019 -- Publicly available Long-term Care Facility Staffing Payroll-Based Journal (PBJ) staffing data have the potential to revolutionize efforts to monitor and study the key role of nursing home staffing, according to a report published in the July issue of Health Affairs.

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IL-6 Level May Predict Symptom Duration in Concussed Athletes

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 -- For concussed athletes, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) are significantly elevated at six hours after concussion, and IL-6 levels are associated with symptom duration, according to a study published online July 3 in Neurology.

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Male Students Affected More by Poor Diet in First Year of College

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 -- During the first year of university life, both male and female students make poor dietary choices, which are associated with increases in body weight and fat composition; however, male students appear to be affected more than female students, according to a study published online July 3 in PLOS ONE.

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Most Adult-Use Cannabis Customers Use for Pain, Sleep Relief

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 -- De facto medical use of cannabis for symptom relief is common among adult-use dispensary customers in Colorado, according to a study published online July 2 in the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.

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DOJ Asks Congress to Permanently Classify Fentanyl-Like Drugs

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 -- A temporary order classifying fentanyl-like drugs as controlled substances should be enacted into law, the U.S. Department of Justice is telling Congress.

CBS News Article

Mental Health Service Use Up After Campaign to Reduce Stigma

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 -- A social marketing campaign in California designed to reduce stigma about mental health issues appears to have encouraged more people to seek care for their symptoms of mental distress, according to a study published online June 26 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Tanezumab Improves Scores for Pain, Function in Osteoarthritis

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 -- For patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip, tanezumab is associated with significant improvements in pain and physical function versus placebo, according to a study published in the July 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Regional Fat With Normal BMI Affects CVD Risk After Menopause

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 -- For postmenopausal women with normal body mass index (BMI), higher percent trunk fat is associated with elevated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, while higher percent leg fat is associated with lower CVD risk, according to a study published online June 30 in the European Heart Journal.

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Interventions Linked to Drop in Unvaccinated Kindergartners

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 -- Statewide legislative and educational interventions are associated with a reduction in the yearly rates of kindergartners without up-to-date vaccination status, according to a study published in the July 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Neurofilament Light Chain Levels Predict Stroke Risk in Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 -- Serum neurofilament light chain (NfL) levels can predict incident stroke among middle-aged and older adults with diabetes mellitus, according to a study published in the July issue of Stroke.

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Lack of Evidence for Treating Chronic Pain in Children

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 -- There is a lack of evidence on the efficacy and safety of pharmacological treatments for chronic pain in children, according to research published online June 19 in PAIN.

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Most U.S. Adults Are Concerned About Antibiotic Resistance

WEDNESDAY, July 3, 2019 -- Most U.S. adults have heard of and are concerned about antibiotic resistance, but 45 percent report having not taken antibiotics as prescribed, according to a report published online June 21 by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

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Flesh-Eating Bacteria Claims Life of Florida Woman

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 -- A Florida woman died late last week from flesh-eating bacteria two weeks after cutting her leg while walking along the coast.

CNN Article
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Adverse Outcomes Up for Pregnant Women With Migraine

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 -- Pregnant women with migraine and their offspring have increased risks of several adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes, according to a study recently published in Headache.

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Vermont Places 92 Percent Tax on E-Cigarettes

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 -- A 92 percent tax on electronic cigarettes took effect in Vermont on Monday as the state tries to reduce young people's use of the devices.

CBS News Article

Anti-Vaccine Movement a 'Man-Made' Health Crisis, Scientists Warn

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 -- The anti-vaccination movement is now a global crisis, an international panel of scientists say, and everyone must do more to combat it.

Press Release
The Salzburg Statement on Vaccination Acceptance

I-131 Tx for Hyperthyroidism May Up Risk for Solid Cancer Death

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 -- For patients with hyperthyroidism treated with radioactive iodine (RAI), greater organ-absorbed doses seem to be positively associated with increased risk of death from solid cancer, according to a study published online July 1 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Guidance Issued for Management of Fontan Circulation

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 -- A scientific statement with recommendations for follow-up care in patients with Fontan circulation surviving into adulthood was published online July 1 in Circulation.

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Combo of Mental Disorders and Physical Illness Ups ED Visits

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 -- Mental disorders and physical multimorbidity interact to increase the odds of frequent visits to the emergency department, according to a study published in the July 2 issue of CMAJ, the Journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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In Utero Opioid Exposure Tied to Poor Outcomes Throughout Childhood

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 -- In utero exposure to opioids is associated with higher risks for short- and long-term adverse outcomes, including preterm birth and neurodevelopmental and physical health disorders in children, according to a study published online June 28 in JAMA Network Open.

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Guide Addresses Medical Issues Relevant to Transgender Persons

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 -- A guide to help clinicians understand the medical issues relevant to transgender persons, based on a review of current evidence, was published online July 2 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Statin Use Associated With Higher Incidence of Diabetes

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 -- There may be a dose-dependent relationship between statin therapy and new-onset diabetes across the duration of statin use, according to a study recently published in Diabetes Metabolism Research and Reviews.

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Disparities Identified in Access to Infertility Care for U.S. Women

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 -- Disparities exist in access to infertility care for women in the United States, according to a study published online June 28 in Fertility and Sterility.

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Considerable Number of Patients Receive Surprise Hospital Charges

TUESDAY, July 2, 2019 -- Eighteen percent of all emergency department visits and 16 percent of in-network hospital stays have at least one out-of-network charge, according to a report published June 20 by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

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Stewardship Intervention Can Cut Inappropriate Rx by a Third

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 -- Antibiotic stewardship interventions for acute respiratory infection (ARI) can significantly reduce overuse in emergency departments and urgent care centers, according to a study published online June 19 in Academic Emergency Medicine.

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Low Vitamin D in Early Life May Up Risk of Elevated Systolic BP

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 -- Low vitamin D status and trajectory in early life are associated with increased risk of elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) during childhood, according to a study published online July 1 in Hypertension.

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Better UTI Monitoring Needed After Hospital Admission in Adults

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 -- Healthcare-associated (HA), community-onset (CO) urinary tract infection (UTI) may be common within 30 days following hospital discharge, according to a study published online June 20 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Longevity Benefits for Adults Becoming More Physically Active

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 -- Middle-aged and older adults, including those with cancer and cardiovascular disease, can gain longevity benefits by becoming more physically active, according to a study published online June 26 in The BMJ.

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Core Components of Teen Mental Health Interventions ID'd

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 -- Three program components of interventions to promote mental health and prevent mental disorders and risk behaviors during adolescence have a significant effect on multiple outcomes, according to a review published online July 1 in Pediatrics.

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Nutrition-Focused Program at Home Health Agency Beneficial

MONDAY, July 1, 2019 -- A nutrition-focused quality-improvement program (QIP) conducted in a home health agency (HHA) can reduce rates of hospitalization and health care resource utilization, according to a study published online June 24 in the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.

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Posted: August 2019

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