FDA approves Humatrope for short stature
ROCKVILLE, MD., July 25, 2003 -- The FDA has approved a new indication for Humatrope (somatropin, rDNA origin, for injection), a brand of growth hormone, for the long-term treatment of children with idiopathic (of unknown origin) short stature, also called non-growth hormone deficient short stature.
"Short stature" has been defined by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the Growth Hormone Research Society as height more than 2 standard deviations (SD) below the mean for age and sex. This corresponds to the shortest 2.3 percent of children. This new indication restricts therapy to children who are even shorter, specifically more than 2.25 SD below the mean for age and sex, or the shortest 1.2% of children. For example, for 10-year old boys and girls, this would correspond to heights of less than 4' 1" inch. This would further correspond to heights of less than 5' 3" and 4' 11" in adult men and women, respectively.
The approval was based on two randomized, multicenter trials, conducted in approximately 300 children with idiopathic short stature. The diagnosis of idiopathic short stature was made after excluding other causes of short stature, including growth hormone deficiency.
The pivotal trial was a randomized, double-blind study in 71 children aged 9-15 years. Patients received injections of either Humatrope or placebo three times weekly until adult height was reached. Thirty-three patients contributed final height measurements after a mean treatment duration of 4.4 years. Mean final height of the Humatrope patients exceeded that of the placebo patients by approximately 1.5 inches.
In a second study, patients received one of three increasing doses of Humatrope, in divided doses six times weekly. The average duration of treatment to final height was 6.5 years. Final height exceeded that predicted at the time of enrollment in the majority of patients, and by up to nearly four inches in some. In the high-dose group, mean final height exceeded mean height predicted at baseline by nearly three inches.
The safety profile of Humatrope in children with idiopathic short stature did not differ from that in children with other conditions for which growth hormone is indicated.
Various growth hormone products are currently indicated in children for short stature associated with growth hormone deficiency, chronic renal insufficiency, Turner syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, and in children born small for gestational age.
Humatrope's new indication for idiopathic short stature is the first indication for growth hormone in children that specifies a height restriction (see above). On June 10, 2003, the application for this new indication was presented to FDA's Endocrine and Metabolic Advisory Committee for public discussion and consideration. The advisory committee voted 8-2 in favor of approval.
The manufacturer has advised FDA that it will not engage in direct-to-consumer advertising of Humatrope and will limit the marketing of this product for this new use to pediatric endocrinologists in order to better ensure the proper use of this product in the indicated pediatric population. In addition, the manufacturer intends to tightly control the distribution of Humatrope.
Humatrope is manufactured and distributed by Eli Lilly Co. of Indianapolis, Ind.
Posted: July 2003
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