Elder Abuse Not Associated With Risk of Chronic Pain
FRIDAY, April 13, 2018 -- Elder abuse and neglect (EAN) is not tied to the risk of chronic pain, according to a study published online March 30 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
Raudah M. Yunus, M.P.H., from University of Malaya in Kuala Lumpur, and colleagues assessed the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between EAN and chronic pain in 1,189 community-dwelling, rural Malaysians (aged ≥60 years).
The researchers found that the prevalence of chronic pain was 20.4 percent. Eight factors were significantly associated with chronic pain, including age, education, income, comorbidities, self-rated health, depression, gait speed, and EAN. Abused elderly adults were more likely to have chronic pain (odds ratio, 1.52; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.03 to 2.27), although the significance decreased in longitudinal analyses (risk ratio, 1.14; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.81 to 1.60).
"Our findings indicate no temporal relationship between EAN and chronic pain but indicated cross-sectional associations between the two," the authors write. "This might indicate that, although EAN does not lead to chronic pain, individuals with greater physical limitations are more vulnerable to abuse."
Posted: April 2018