Skip to Content

Discharge to Survival After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Lower for Women

FRIDAY, Feb. 19, 2021 -- For patients successfully resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, discharge to survival is significantly lower among women, according to a study published in the Feb. 16 issue of Circulation.

Purav Mody, M.D., from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, and colleagues examined the association between gender and survival among patients successfully resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Data were included for 1,825 women and 3,050 men.

The researchers found that women were older, received less bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and had a lower proportion of cardiac arrests that were witnessed or had shockable rhythm. The proportion of patients who received do not resuscitate (DNR) orders and had withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy (WLST) was significantly higher for women (35.7 versus 32.1 percent and 32.8 versus 29.8 percent, respectively). Women had significantly lower discharge survival (22.5 versus 36.3 percent; adjusted odds ratio, 0.78). DNR and WLST order status modified the association between gender and discharge survival, with women having significantly lower discharge survival among patients who were not made DNR or did not have WLST (adjusted odds ratios, 0.74 and 0.73, respectively). Among patients receiving a DNR order or with WLST, there was no gender difference observed in survival.

"Future studies focused on strategies to optimize compliance with post arrest guidelines after successful resuscitation are required to understand and improve gender-based differences in outcome," the authors write.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

© 2021 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Read this next

CPR Quality Impacts Survival in In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 17, 2021 -- For patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest, the number of pauses greater than 10 seconds during resuscitation impacts survival, according to a study...

COVID-19 Tied to Higher Mortality After Cardiac Arrest

MONDAY, Feb. 8, 2021 -- Among patients who suffer a cardiac arrest either in or out of hospital, those who are infected with COVID-19 are more likely to die than those who are not...

Women More Likely to Suffer Nighttime Sudden Cardiac Death

TUESDAY, Jan. 26, 2021 -- Women are more likely than men to suffer sudden cardiac death (SCD) during nighttime hours, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in Heart...

More News Resources

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Whatever your topic of interest, subscribe to our newsletters to get the best of Drugs.com in your inbox.