FDA Approves Oseni
Takeda Receives FDA Approval for Oseni (alogliptin and pioglitazone) for Type 2 Diabetes
DEERFIELD, Ill. and OSAKA, Japan, Jan. 25, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited (Takeda) and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. today announced that the United States (U.S.) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Oseni (alogliptin and pioglitazone) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in adults as adjuncts to diet and exercise.
"Takeda is pleased with the FDA approval of Oseni for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, a therapeutic category in which we have more than twenty years of clinical and patient experience," said Douglas Cole, president, Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. "Millions of people are affected by diabetes and, as a leader in the diabetes arena, Takeda is dedicated to working to advance patient care and helping to meet the needs of this growing patient population."
Oseni contains alogliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4i) that is designed to slow the inactivation of incretin hormones GLP-1 (glucagon-like peptide-1) and GIP (glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide). Oseni, which combines alogliptin with pioglitazone, is the first product in the U.S. to include both a DPP-4i and a thiazolidinedione (TZD) in a single tablet.
With regard to Oseni, common adverse events (greater than or equal to 4%) reported include nasopharyngitis, back pain and upper respiratory tract infection.
Takeda is committed to providing type 2 diabetes patients with treatment options that help address their needs, and is planning to commercially launch Oseni in the summer of 2013.
Takeda's consolidated financial statements for the 2012 fiscal year will not be impacted by the FDA approvals.
Clinical Trial Program
U.S.-based Takeda Global Research & Development Center, Inc. conducted worldwide placebo- and active-controlled clinical trials of alogliptin involving more than 13,000 patients. The safety and efficacy of alogliptin was studied as a once-daily monotherapy and in combination with several other classes of anti-diabetic medications, including biguanides, TZDs, insulin and sulfonylureas. In these studies, alogliptin 25 mg, taken once daily, demonstrated clinically meaningful and statistically significant improvements in hemoglobin A1C compared to placebo.
Of the total number of patients included in the alogliptin clinical trial program, more than 3,000 were included in the studies used to support the FDA approval of Oseni., and more than 4,000 were included in those to support the FDA approval of Kazano (alogliptin and metformin). Study results indicated that alogliptin co-administered with either pioglitazone or metformin HCl produced significant improvements in glycemic control as compared to the respective monotherapies.
About Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes affecting millions of people globally. In fact, more than 23 million people in the U.S. alone currently live with the disease. Type 2 diabetes is a progressive and chronic condition and patients should work with a health care professional to manage and monitor their disease. In addition to diet and exercise, patients often need to take multiple medications in order to help them manage their blood glucose levels. According to the International Diabetes Federation, the global health care expenditures for diabetes (both type 1 and 2) were estimated at $471.6 billion in 2012. By 2030, this number is projected to exceed $595 billion.
About Oseni (alogliptin and pioglitazone)
Alogliptin is a DPP-4i for the treatment of type 2 diabetes as an adjunct to diet and exercise. DPP-4is slow the inactivation of incretin hormones GLP-1 and GIP. As a result, an increased amount of active incretins enables the pancreas to secrete insulin in a glucose-dependent manner, thereby assisting in the management of blood glucose levels. A New Drug Application (NDA) for Nesina (alogliptin) was approved in April 2010 by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, and the therapy is available under the same brand name in Japan.
Oseni is an FDC therapy which combines alogliptin and pioglitazone in a single tablet, for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in adults as an adjunct to diet and exercise. Pioglitazone is a TZD that decreases insulin resistance, a condition in which the body does not efficiently use the insulin it produces to control blood glucose levels, and is approved in adults for the treatment of type 2 diabetes as an adjunct to diet and exercise. An NDA for alogliptin and pioglitazone was approved in July 2011 by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, and the therapy is currently available under the brand name Liovel in Japan.
Oseni is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Oseni is not for treatment of type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis.
Important Safety Information
Warning: Congestive Heart Failure for Oseni
Thiazolidinediones, including pioglitazone, which is a component of Oseni, cause or exacerbate congestive heart failure in some patients. After initiation of Oseni, and after dose increases, monitor patients carefully for signs and symptoms of heart failure (e.g., excessive, rapid weight gain, dyspnea, and/or edema). If heart failure develops, it should be managed according to current standards of care and discontinuation or dose reduction of pioglitazone in Oseni must be considered. Oseni is not recommended in patients with symptomatic heart failure. Initiation of Oseni in patients with established New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure is contraindicated.
Oseni is contraindicated in patients with a history of serious hypersensitivity reaction to any of the components of these products, such as anaphylaxis, angioedema, or severe cutaneous adverse reactions.
Warnings and Precautions for Oseni
Congestive heart failure: Fluid retention may occur and can exacerbate or lead to congestive heart failure. Combination use with insulin and use in congestive heart failure NYHA Class I and II may increase risk. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms.
Edema: Dose-related edema may occur. Use with caution in patients with edema.
Fractures: Increased incidence in female patients. Apply current standards of care for assessing and maintaining bone health.
Bladder cancer: Data suggest an increased risk of bladder cancer in pioglitazone users. Data also suggest that the risk increases with duration of use. Do not use Oseni in patients with active bladder cancer. Use caution when using in patients with a prior history of bladder cancer. Tell patients to promptly report any sign of hematuria or other symptoms such as dysuria or urinary urgency as these may be due to bladder cancer.
Macular edema: Macular edema has been reported in some patients taking pioglitazone. Recommend regular eye exams. Instruct patients to report any visual changes promptly.
Ovulation: Therapy with pioglitazone may result in ovulation in some premenopausal anovulatory women.
Acute pancreatitis: There have been postmarketing reports of acute pancreatitis. If pancreatitis is suspected, promptly discontinue Oseni.
Hypersensitivity: There have been postmarketing reports of serious hypersensitivity reactions in patients treated with alogliptin such as anaphylaxis, angioedema or severe cutaneous adverse reactions. In such cases, promptly discontinue Oseni, assess for other potential causes, institute appropriate monitoring and treatment, and initiate alternative treatment for diabetes. Use caution in a patient with a history of angioedema with another DPP-4i because it is unknown whether such patients will be predisposed to angioedema.
Hepatic effects: Postmarketing reports of hepatic failure, sometimes fatal. Causality cannot be excluded. Baseline liver test panel is recommended. If liver injury is detected, promptly interrupt Oseni and assess patient for probable cause, then treat cause if possible, to resolution or stabilization. Do not restart Oseni if liver injury is confirmed and no alternate etiology can be found. Use with caution in patients with liver disease.
Hypoglycemia: Insulin and insulin secretagogues are known to cause hypoglycemia. A lower dose of the insulin or insulin secretagogue may be required to minimize the risk when used in combination with Oseni.
Macrovascular outcomes: There have been no clinical studies establishing conclusive evidence of macrovascular risk reduction with Oseni, or any other anti-diabetic drug.
Most common adverse reactions (greater than or equal to 4% of patients treated with alogliptin 25 mg and more frequently than in patients who received placebo) were nasopharyngitis (4.4%), headache (4.2%), and upper respiratory tract infection (4.2%).
Most common adverse reactions (greater than or equal to 4% of patients treated with co-administration of alogliptin and pioglitazone) were nasopharyngitis (4.9%), back pain (4.2%), and upper respiratory tract infection (4.1%).
Use of Oseni with CYP2C8 strong inhibitors (e.g., gemfibrozil) will, or inducers (e.g., rifampin) may, require dose adjustment.
Please see accompanying Full Prescribing Information, including Medication Guide, for Oseni.
Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. and Takeda Global Research & Development Center, Inc.
Based in Deerfield, Ill., Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. and Takeda Global Research & Development Center, Inc. are subsidiaries of Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, the largest pharmaceutical company in Japan. The respective companies currently market oral diabetes, insomnia, rheumatology, gastroenterology, and cardiovascular treatments and seek to bring innovative products to patients through a pipeline that includes compounds in development for metabolic and cardiovascular disease, gastroenterology, neurology and other conditions. To learn more about these Takeda companies, visit www.takeda.us.
About Takeda Pharmaceutical Company LimitedLocated in Osaka, Japan, Takeda is a research-based global company with its main focus on pharmaceuticals. As the largest pharmaceutical company in Japan and one of the global leaders of the industry, Takeda is committed to strive towards better health for patients worldwide through leading innovation in medicine. Additional information about Takeda is available through its corporate website, www.takeda.com.
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Elissa J. Johnsen
Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc.
Corporate Communications Department
Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited
SOURCE Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited
Web Site: http://www.takeda.com
Posted: January 2013
- Takeda Receives FDA Complete Response Letter for the Investigational Fixed-Dose Combination of alogliptin and Actos (pioglitazone HCl) for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes - September 4, 2009
- Takeda Provides Update on the Investigational Fixed-Dose Combination of alogliptin and Actos (pioglitazone HCl) - July 23, 2009
- Takeda Submits a New Drug Application in the U.S. for Alogliptin (SYR-322) / Actos (pioglitazone HCl) for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes - September 24, 2008