FDA Approves Kazano
Takeda Receives FDA Approval for Kazano (alogliptin and metformin) for Type 2 Diabetes
DEERFIELD, Ill. and OSAKA, Japan, Jan. 25, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited (Takeda) and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. today announced that the United States (U.S.) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Kazano (alogliptin and metformin HCl) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in adults as adjuncts to diet and exercise.
"Takeda is pleased with the FDA approval of Kazano for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, a therapeutic category in which we have more than twenty years of clinical and patient experience," said Douglas Cole, president, Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. "Millions of people are affected by diabetes and, as a leader in the diabetes arena, Takeda is dedicated to working to advance patient care and helping to meet the needs of this growing patient population."
Kazano contains alogliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4i) that is designed to slow the inactivation of incretin hormones GLP-1 (glucagon-like peptide-1) and GIP (glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide). Kazano combines alogliptin with metformin HCl, a widely used anti-diabetes medication, in a single tablet.
The most common adverse events (greater than or equal to 4%) reported with alogliptin include nasopharyngitis, headache and upper respiratory tract infection. Common adverse events (greater than or equal to 4%) reported with Kazano include upper respiratory tract infection, nasopharyngitis, diarrhea, hypertension, headache, back pain and urinary tract infection.
Takeda is committed to providing type 2 diabetes patients with treatment options that help address their needs, and is planning to commercially launch Kazano in the summer of 2013.
Takeda's consolidated financial statements for the 2012 fiscal year will not be impacted by the FDA approvals.
Clinical Trial Program
U.S.-based Takeda Global Research & Development Center, Inc. conducted worldwide placebo- and active-controlled clinical trials of alogliptin involving more than 13,000 patients. The safety and efficacy of alogliptin was studied as a once-daily monotherapy and in combination with several other classes of anti-diabetic medications, including biguanides, TZDs, insulin and sulfonylureas. In these studies, alogliptin 25 mg, taken once daily, demonstrated clinically meaningful and statistically significant improvements in hemoglobin A1C compared to placebo.
Of the total number of patients included in the alogliptin clinical trial program, more than 4,000 were included in those to support the FDA approval of Kazano. Study results indicated that alogliptin co-administered with either pioglitazone or metformin HCl produced significant improvements in glycemic control as compared to the respective monotherapies.
About Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes affecting millions of people globally. In fact, more than 23 million people in the U.S. alone currently live with the disease. Type 2 diabetes is a progressive and chronic condition and patients should work with a health care professional to manage and monitor their disease. In addition to diet and exercise, patients often need to take multiple medications in order to help them manage their blood glucose levels. According to the International Diabetes Federation, the global health care expenditures for diabetes (both type 1 and 2) were estimated at $471.6 billion in 2012. By 2030, this number is projected to exceed $595 billion.
Alogliptin is a DPP-4i for the treatment of type 2 diabetes as an adjunct to diet and exercise. DPP-4is slow the inactivation of incretin hormones GLP-1 and GIP. As a result, an increased amount of active incretins enables the pancreas to secrete insulin in a glucose-dependent manner, thereby assisting in the management of blood glucose levels.
Kazano is an FDC therapy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, which combines alogliptin and metformin HCl in a single tablet. Metformin HCl is a biguanide, a widely used anti-diabetes medication that acts primarily by reducing the amount of glucose produced by the liver.
Kazano is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Kazano is not for treatment of type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis.
Important Safety Information
Warning: Lactic Acidosis for Kazano
Lactic acidosis is a rare, but serious complication that can occur due to metformin accumulation. The risk increases with conditions such as sepsis, dehydration, excess alcohol intake, hepatic impairment, renal impairment, and acute congestive heart failure. The onset is often subtle, accompanied only by nonspecific symptoms such as malaise, myalgias, respiratory distress, increasing somnolence, and nonspecific abdominal distress. Laboratory abnormalities include low pH, increased anion gap, and elevated blood lactate. If acidosis is suspected, Kazano should be discontinued and the patient hospitalized immediately.
Kazano is contraindicated in patients with a history of serious hypersensitivity reaction to any of the components of these products, such as anaphylaxis, angioedema, or severe cutaneous adverse reactions. Kazano is contraindicated in patients with renal impairment (e.g., serum creatinine levels greater than or equal to 1.5 mg/dL for men, greater than or equal to 1.4 mg/dL for women or abnormal creatinine clearance), which may also result from conditions such as cardiovascular collapse (shock), acute myocardial infarctions, and septicemia. Kazano is contraindicated in patients with acute or chronic metabolic acidosis, including diabetic ketoacidosis.
Warnings and Precautions for Kazano
Lactic acidosis: Warn against excessive alcohol intake. Kazano is not recommended in hepatic impairment and is contraindicated in renal impairment. Ensure normal renal function before initiating and at least annually thereafter. Temporarily discontinue in patients undergoing radiologic studies with intravascular iodinated contrast materials or any surgical procedures necessitating restricted intake of food and fluids. Lactic acidosis due to metformin accumulation during therapy is fatal in approximately 50% of cases. The risk increases in patients with renal impairment, congestive heart failure requiring drug treatment, and with increasing age.
Vitamin B12 deficiency: Metformin may lower Vitamin B12 levels. Monitor hematologic parameters annually.
Acute pancreatitis: There have been postmarketing reports of acute pancreatitis. If pancreatitis is suspected, promptly discontinue Kazano.
Hypersensitivity: There have been postmarketing reports of serious hypersensitivity reactions in patients treated with alogliptin such as anaphylaxis, angioedema or severe cutaneous adverse reactions. In such cases, promptly discontinue Kazano, assess for other potential causes, institute appropriate monitoring and treatment, and initiate alternative treatment for diabetes. Use caution in a patient with a history of angioedema with another DPP-4i because it is unknown whether such patients will be predisposed to angioedema.
Hepatic effects: Postmarketing reports of hepatic failure, sometimes fatal. Causality cannot be excluded. Baseline liver test panel is recommended. If liver injury is detected, promptly interrupt Kazano and assess patient for probable cause, then treat cause if possible, to resolution or stabilization. Do not restart Kazano if liver injury is confirmed and no alternate etiology can be found. Use with caution in patients with liver disease.
Hypoglycemia: Insulin and insulin secretagogues are known to cause hypoglycemia. A lower dose of the insulin or insulin secretagogue may be required to minimize the risk when used in combination with Kazano.
Macrovascular outcomes: There have been no clinical studies establishing conclusive evidence of macrovascular risk reduction with Kazano or any other anti-diabetic drug.
Most common adverse reactions (greater than or equal to 4% of patients treated with alogliptin 25 mg and more frequently than in patients who received placebo) were nasopharyngitis (4.4%), headache (4.2%), and upper respiratory tract infection (4.2%).
Most common adverse reactions (greater than or equal to 4% of patients treated with co-administration of alogliptin and metformin) were upper respiratory tract infection (8%), nasopharyngitis (6.8%), diarrhea (5.5%), hypertension (5.5%), headache (5.3%), back pain (4.3%), and urinary tract infection (4.2%).
Cationic drugs eliminated by renal tubular secretion should be used with caution if taken with Kazano.
Please see accompanying Full Prescribing Information, including Medication Guide, for Kazano.
Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. and Takeda Global Research & Development Center, Inc.
Based in Deerfield, Ill., Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc. and Takeda Global Research & Development Center, Inc. are subsidiaries of Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, the largest pharmaceutical company in Japan. The respective companies currently market oral diabetes, insomnia, rheumatology, gastroenterology, and cardiovascular treatments and seek to bring innovative products to patients through a pipeline that includes compounds in development for metabolic and cardiovascular disease, gastroenterology, neurology and other conditions. To learn more about these Takeda companies, visit www.takeda.us.
About Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited
Located in Osaka, Japan, Takeda is a research-based global company with its main focus on pharmaceuticals. As the largest pharmaceutical company in Japan and one of the global leaders of the industry, Takeda is committed to strive towards better health for patients worldwide through leading innovation in medicine. Additional information about Takeda is available through its corporate website, www.takeda.com.
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Elissa J. Johnsen
Takeda Pharmaceuticals U.S.A., Inc.
Corporate Communications Department
Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited
SOURCE Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited
Web Site: http://www.takeda.com
Posted: January 2013
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