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Cafcit (injection/oral solution)

Generic Name: caffeine citrate (injection/oral solution) (KAF een SIT rate)
Brand Name: Cafcit

What is Cafcit?

Cafcit is used to treat breathing problems in premature infants.

Cafcit may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Important Information

Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. Tell your child's healthcare providers about all the child's medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines given to the child.

Before taking this medicine

Cafcit should not be given to a child who is allergic to it.

Tell your doctor if your child has ever had:

  • seizures;

  • heart problems; or

  • liver or kidney disease.

Tell your child's doctor if you used caffeine during late pregnancy.

Infants being treated with Cafcit may develop necrotizing enterocolitis (a condition where a portion of the bowel dies). Ask your child's doctor about this risk.

How is Cafcit given?

Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your child's dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

Cafcit is for short-term use only. Do not use Cafcit for longer than 12 days without the advice of your child's doctor.

Cafcit oral solution is given by mouth.

Cafcit injection is given as an infusion into a vein. A healthcare provider will give your child this injection.

Measure oral solution carefully. Use the dosing syringe provided, or use a medicine dose-measuring device (not a kitchen spoon).

Do not use the medicine if it looks cloudy, has changed colors, or has particles in it. Call your pharmacist for new medication.

Your child will need frequent medical tests.

Cafcit contains no preservative. Do not open a bottle of this medicine until you are ready to give the dose.

Each bottle of caffeine citrate oral solution is for one use only. Throw it away after one use, even if there is still medicine left inside.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Give your child the oral solution as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for the next dose. Do not give two doses at one time.

Because Cafcit is given in a clinical setting, your child is not likely to miss a dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose symptoms may include fever, rapid breathing, nervousness, sleep problems, vomiting, abnormal blood tests, and seizures.

What should your child avoid while using Cafcit?

Avoid giving the child food or drinks that contain caffeine, such as cola or chocolate milk.

Cafcit side effects

Get emergency medical help if your child has signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your child's doctor at once if your child has:

  • restlessness, jitteriness, or shakiness;

  • fast heartbeats;

  • more wet diapers than usual;

  • vomiting, stomach bloating;

  • blood in the stools; or

  • weakness, drowsiness.

Common side effects may include:

  • feeding problems;

  • skin rash; or

  • a blood infection (sepsis)--fever, flu symptoms, mouth and throat ulcers, rapid heart rate, shallow breathing.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your child's doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect Cafcit?

Tell your doctor about all other medicines given to the child, especially theophylline.

Other drugs may affect Cafcit, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell your doctor about all your child's current medicines and any medicine the child starts or stops using.

Frequently asked questions

Further information

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.