Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Feb 21, 2020.
An annuloplasty is a procedure to tighten or reinforce the ring (annulus) around a valve in the heart. It may be done during other procedures to repair a heart valve.
In annuloplasty, the surgeon tightens or reinforces the ring around a valve in the heart.
Why it's done
An annuloplasty is done to reshape, reinforce or tighten the ring around a heart valve.
The ring around a valve in the heart (annulus) can widen and change from its normal shape. This may occur when the heart is enlarged or if you have a leaky valve. When the ring is widened, the valve flaps attached to the ring may not open and close correctly. As a result, blood can leak backward through the valve.
An annuloplasty may be recommended to fix the valve. Doctors may perform annuloplasty alone or with other techniques to repair a heart valve.
What you can expect
In an annuloplasty, the doctor measures the size of the existing ring. Then the doctor sews a band to the existing ring around the valve. The band may be rigid or flexible.
This procedure can be done during open-heart surgery or minimally invasive heart surgery, which involves smaller incisions.
Researchers are studying less-invasive ways to perform annuloplasty and other heart valve procedures using long, thin tubes.
In annuloplasty, the surgeon tightens or replaces the ring around the valve so that the valve leaflets can close. This may be done at the same time as other procedures to repair a valve.