Skip to Content

Cortifoam (hydrocortisone) and Alcohol / Food Interactions

There are 2 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with Cortifoam (hydrocortisone) which include:

Moderate

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

corticosteroids - fluid retention

Corticosteroids may cause hypernatremia, hypokalemia, fluid retention, and elevation in blood pressure. These mineralocorticoid effects are most significant with fludrocortisone, followed by hydrocortisone and cortisone, then by prednisone and prednisolone. The remaining corticosteroids, betamethasone, dexamethasone, methylprednisolone, and triamcinolone, have little mineralocorticoid activities. However, large doses of any corticosteroid can demonstrate these effects, particularly if given for longer than brief periods. Therapy with corticosteroids should be administered cautiously in patients with preexisting fluid retention, hypertension, congestive heart failure, and/or renal dysfunction. Dietary sodium restriction and potassium supplementation may be advisable.

References

  1. Klepikov PV, Kutyrina IM, Tareyeva IE "Steroid-induced hypertension in patients with nephrotic syndrome." Nephron 48 (1988): 286-90
  2. Pang S, Clark AT, Freeman LC, Dolan LM, Immken L, Mueller OT, Stiff D, Shulman DI "Maternal side effects of prenatal dexamethasone therapy for fetal congenital adrenal hyperplasia." J Clin Endocrinol Metab 75 (1992): 249-53
  3. Jackson SH, Beevers DG, Myers K "Does long-term low-dose corticosteroid therapy cause hypertension?" Clin Sci 61 (1981): s381-3
  4. Swartz SL, Dluhy RG "Corticosteroids: clinical pharmacology and therapeutic use." Drugs 16 (1978): 238-55
  5. "Product Information. Hydeltrasol (prednisolone)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  6. "Product Information. Kenalog (triamcinolone)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  7. "Product Information. Hydrocortone (hydrocortisone)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  8. Lieberman P, Patterson R, Kunske R "Complications of long-term steroid therapy for asthma." J Allergy Clin Immunol 49 (1972): 329-36
  9. "Product Information. Cortone Acetate (cortisone)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  10. Seale JP, Compton MR "Side-effects of corticosteroid agents." Med J Aust 144 (1986): 139-42
  11. "Product Information. Decadron (dexamethasone)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  12. "Product Information. Deltasone (prednisone)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
  13. "Product Information. Medrol (methylprednisolone)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
  14. "Product Information. Celestone (betamethasone)." Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ.
  15. "Product Information. Florinef Acetate (fludrocortisone)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  16. Ramsahoye BH, Davies SV, el-Gaylani N, Sandeman D, Scanlon MF "The mineralocorticoid effects of high dose hydrocortisone." BMJ 310 (1995): 656-7
  17. Baethge BA, Lidsky MD, Goldberg JW "A study of adverse effects of high-dose intravenous (pulse) methylprednisolone therapy in patients with rheumatic disease." Ann Pharmacother 26 (1992): 316-20
  18. Thomas TP "The complications of systemic corticosteroid therapy in the elderly." Gerontology 30 (1984): 60-5
View all 18 references
Moderate

High Cholesterol (Hyperlipoproteinemia, Hypertriglyceridemia, Sitosterolemia)

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

corticosteroids - hyperlipidemia

Corticosteroids may elevate serum triglyceride and LDL cholesterol levels if used for longer than brief periods. Patients with preexisting hyperlipidemia may require closer monitoring during prolonged corticosteroid therapy, and adjustments made accordingly in their lipid-lowering regimen.

References

  1. "Product Information. Florinef Acetate (fludrocortisone)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Kenalog (triamcinolone)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Hydeltrasol (prednisolone)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  4. "Product Information. Cortone Acetate (cortisone)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  5. "Product Information. Decadron (dexamethasone)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  6. Seale JP, Compton MR "Side-effects of corticosteroid agents." Med J Aust 144 (1986): 139-42
  7. "Product Information. Medrol (methylprednisolone)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
  8. "Product Information. Hydrocortone (hydrocortisone)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  9. "Product Information. Deltasone (prednisone)." Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
  10. "Product Information. Celestone (betamethasone)." Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ.
View all 10 references

Cortifoam (hydrocortisone) drug Interactions

There are 780 drug interactions with Cortifoam (hydrocortisone)

Cortifoam (hydrocortisone) disease Interactions

There are 24 disease interactions with Cortifoam (hydrocortisone) which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Hide