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Bellamine S (belladonna / ergotamine / phenobarbital) and Alcohol / Food Interactions

There are 6 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with Bellamine S (belladonna / ergotamine / phenobarbital) which include:

Major

PHENobarbital ↔ Alcohol (Ethanol)

Major Drug Interaction

Ask your doctor before using PHENobarbital together with ethanol, this can add to dizziness, drowsiness and other side effects of PHENobarbital. Be careful if you drive or do activities that require you to be awake and alert. Talk with your doctor before using any medications together, or drinking alcohol with PHENobarbital. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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Moderate

ergotamine ↔ Alcohol (Ethanol)

Moderate Drug Interaction

PHENobarbital may reduce the blood levels and effects of ergotamine. Contact your doctor if your symptoms worsen or your condition changes during treatment with these medications. Your doctor may be able to prescribe alternatives that do not interact, or you may need a dose adjustment or more frequent monitoring to safely use both medications. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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Moderate

belladonna ↔ Alcohol (Ethanol)

Moderate Drug Interaction

Ask your doctor before using belladonna together with ethanol. Use alcohol cautiously. Alcohol may increase drowsiness and dizziness while you are taking belladonna. You should be warned not to exceed recommended dosages and to avoid activities requiring mental alertness. If your doctor prescribes these medications together, you may need a dose adjustment to safely take this combination. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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Moderate

ergotamine ↔ Nicotine

Moderate Drug Interaction

Nicotine may increase the effects of ergotamine in narrowing the blood vessels and decreasing blood flow. A severe decrease in blood flow to the brain and other parts of the body can lead to dangerous side effects. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience coldness, paleness, discoloration, numbness, tingling, or pain in your hands or feet; muscle pain or weakness; severe or worsening headache; blurred vision; severe abdominal pain; chest pain; or shortness of breath while taking these medications. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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Moderate

ergotamine ↔ Nicotine

Moderate Drug Interaction

PHENobarbital may reduce the blood levels and effects of ergotamine. Contact your doctor if your symptoms worsen or your condition changes during treatment with these medications. Your doctor may be able to prescribe alternatives that do not interact, or you may need a dose adjustment or more frequent monitoring to safely use both medications. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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Moderate

ergotamine ↔ food

Moderate Food Interaction

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

MONITOR: Grapefruit juice may increase the plasma concentrations of orally administered drugs that are substrates of the CYP450 3A4 isoenzyme. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated first-pass metabolism in the gut wall by certain compounds present in grapefruit. Because grapefruit juice inhibits primarily intestinal rather than hepatic CYP450 3A4, the magnitude of interaction is greatest for those drugs that undergo significant presystemic metabolism by CYP450 3A4 (i.e., drugs with low oral bioavailability). In general, the effect of grapefruit juice is concentration-, dose- and preparation-dependent, and can vary widely among brands. Certain preparations of grapefruit juice (e.g., high dose, double strength) have sometimes demonstrated potent inhibition of CYP450 3A4, while other preparations (e.g., low dose, single strength) have typically demonstrated moderate inhibition. Pharmacokinetic interactions involving grapefruit juice are also subject to a high degree of interpatient variability, thus the extent to which a given patient may be affected is difficult to predict.

MANAGEMENT: Patients who regularly consume grapefruit or grapefruit juice should be monitored for adverse effects and altered plasma concentrations of drugs that undergo significant presystemic metabolism by CYP450 3A4. Grapefruit and grapefruit juice should be avoided if an interaction is suspected. Orange juice is not expected to interact with these drugs.

References

  1. Gunston GD, Mehta U "Potentially serious drug interactions with grapefruit juice." S Afr Med J 90 (2000): 41
  2. Bailey DG, Arnold JMO, Spence JD "Grapefruit juice and drugs - how significant is the interaction." Clin Pharmacokinet 26 (1994): 91-8
  3. Fuhr U, Maier-Bruggemann A, Blume H, et al. "Grapefruit juice increases oral nimodipine bioavailability." Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 36 (1998): 126-32
  4. Libersa CC, Brique SA, Motte KB, et al. "Dramatic inhibition of amiodarone metabolism induced by grapefruit juice." Br J Clin Pharmacol 49 (2000): 373-8
  5. Bailey DG, Malcolm J, Arnold O, Spence JD "Grapefruit juice-drug interactions." Br J Clin Pharmacol 46 (1998): 101-10
  6. "Grapefruit juice interactions with drugs." Med Lett Drugs Ther 37 (1995): 73-4
  7. Bailey DG, Kreeft JH, Munoz C, Freeman DJ, Bend JR "Grapefruit juice felodipine interaction: Effect of naringin and 6',7'-dihydroxybergamottin in humans." Clin Pharmacol Ther 64 (1998): 248-56
  8. Bailey DG, Dresser GR, Kreeft JH, Munoz C, Freeman DJ, Bend JR "Grapefruit-felodipine interaction: Effect of unprocessed fruit and probable active ingredients." Clin Pharmacol Ther 68 (2000): 468-77
  9. Takanaga H, Ohnishi A, Maatsuo H, et al. "Pharmacokinetic analysis of felodipine-grapefruit juice interaction based on an irreversible enzyme inhibition model." Br J Clin Pharmacol 49 (2000): 49-58
  10. Eagling VA, Profit L, Back DJ "Inhibition of the CYP3A4-mediated metabolism and P-glycoprotein-mediated transport of the HIV-I protease inhibitor saquinavir by grapefruit juice components." Br J Clin Pharmacol 48 (1999): 543-52
  11. Damkier P, Hansen LL, Brosen K "Effect of diclofenac, disulfiram, itraconazole, grapefruit juice and erythromycin on the pharmacokinetics of quinidine." Br J Clin Pharmacol 48 (1999): 829-38
  12. Min DI, Ku YM, Geraets DR, Lee HC "Effect of grapefruit juice on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of quinidine in healthy volunteers." J Clin Pharmacol 36 (1996): 469-76
  13. Clifford CP, Adams DA, Murray S, Taylor GW, Wilkins MR, Boobis AR, Davies DS "Pharmacokinetic and cardiac effects of terfenadine after inhibition of its metabolism by grapefruit juice." Br J Clin Pharmacol 42 (1996): p662
  14. Lilja JJ, Kivisto KT, Neuvonen PJ "Grapefruit juice increases serum concentrations of atorvastatin and has no effect on pravastatin." Clin Pharmacol Ther 66 (1999): 118-27
  15. Bailey DG, Arnold JM, Munoz C, Spence JD "Grapefruit juice--felodipine interaction: mechanism, predictability, and effect of naringin." Clin Pharmacol Ther 53 (1993): 637-42
  16. Bailey DG, Arnold JM, Strong HA, Munoz C, Spence JD "Effect of grapefruit juice and naringin on nisoldipine pharmacokinetics." Clin Pharmacol Ther 54 (1993): 589-94
  17. Sigusch H, Hippius M, Henschel L, Kaufmann K, Hoffmann A "Influence of grapefruit juice on the pharmacokinetics of a slow release nifedipine formulation." Pharmazie 49 (1994): 522-4
  18. Zaidenstein R, Soback S, Gips M, Avni B, Dishi V, Weissgarten Y, Golik A, Scapa E "Effect of grapefruit juice on the pharmacokinetics of losartan and its active metabolite E3174 in healthy volunteers." Ther Drug Monit 23 (2001): 369-73
  19. Edgar B, Bailey D, Bergstrand R, et al "Acute effects of drinking grapefruit juice on the pharmacokinetics and dynamics on felodipine and its potential clinical relevance." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 42 (1992): 313-7
  20. Kantola T, Kivisto KT, Neuvonen PJ "Grapefruit juice greatly increases serum concentrations of lovastatin and lovastatin acid." Clin Pharmacol Ther 63 (1998): 397-402
  21. Jonkman JH, Sollie FA, Sauter R, Steinijans VW "The influence of caffeine on the steady-state pharmacokinetics of theophylline." Clin Pharmacol Ther 49 (1991): 248-55
  22. Josefsson M, Zackrisson AL, Ahlner J "Effect of grapefruit juice on the pharmacokinetics of amlodipine in healthy volunteers." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 51 (1996): 189-93
  23. Yamreudeewong W, Henann NE, Fazio A, Lower DL, Cassidy TG "Drug-food interactions in clinical practice." J Fam Pract 40 (1995): 376-84
  24. Lilja JJ, Kivisto KT, Neuvonen PJ "Grapefruit juice-simvastatin interaction: Effect on serum concentrations of simvastatin, simvastatin acid, and HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors." Clin Pharmacol Ther 64 (1998): 477-83
  25. Ozdemir M, Aktan Y, Boydag BS, Cingi MI, Musmul A "Interaction between grapefruit juice and diazepam in humans." Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet 23 (1998): 55-9
  26. Majeed A, Kareem A "Effect of grapefruit juice on cyclosporine pharmacokinetics." Pediatr Nephrol 10 (1996): 395
  27. Garg SK, Kumar N, Bhargava VK, Prabhakar SK "Effect of grapefruit juice on carbamazepine bioavailability in patients with epilepsy." Clin Pharmacol Ther 64 (1998): 286-8
  28. Flanagan D "Understanding the grapefruit-drug interaction." Gen Dent 53 (2005): 282-5; quiz 286
  29. Hukkinen SK, Varhe A, Olkkola KT, Neuvonen PJ "Plasma concentrations of triazolam are increased by concomitant ingestion of grapefruit juice." Clin Pharmacol Ther 58 (1995): 127-31
  30. Lee AJ, Chan WK, Harralson AF, Buffum J, Bui BCC "The effects of grapefruit juice on sertraline metabolism: An in vitro and in vivo study." Clin Ther 21 (1999): 1890-9
  31. Sato J, Nakata H, Owada E, Kikuta T, Umetsu M, Ito K "Influence of usual intake of dietary caffeine on single-dose kinetics of theophylline in healthy human subjects." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 44 (1993): 295-8
  32. Dresser GK, Spence JD, Bailey DG "Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic consequences and clinical relevance of cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibition." Clin Pharmacokinet 38 (2000): 41-57
View all 32 references
Major

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

barbiturates IV - cardiovascular

The intravenous administration of barbiturates may produce severe cardiovascular reactions such as bradycardia, hypertension, or vasodilation with fall in blood pressure, particularly during rapid infusion. Parenteral therapy with barbiturates should be administered cautiously in patients with hypertension, hypotension, or cardiac disease. The intravenous administration of barbiturates should be reserved for emergency treatment of acute seizures or for anesthesia.

References

  1. "Product Information. Amytal Sodium (amobarbital)" Lilly, Eli and Company, Indianapolis, IN.
  2. "Product Information. Phenobarbital (phenobarbital)." Lilly, Eli and Company, Indianapolis, IN.
  3. "Product Information. Nembutal Sodium (pentobarbital)" Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  4. "Product Information. Seconal Sodium (secobarbital)" Lilly, Eli and Company, Indianapolis, IN.
  5. American Medical Association, Division of Drugs and Toxicology "Drug evaluations annual 1994." Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; (1994):
View all 5 references
Major

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

ergot alkaloids - vasospastic reactions

The use of ergot alkaloids is contraindicated in patients with conditions predisposing them to vasospastic reactions, including, ischemic heart disease (angina, history of myocardial infarction, silent ischemia), peripheral vascular disease, sepsis, shock, vascular surgery, uncontrolled hypertension, and severely impaired hepatic or renal function. The vasoconstriction produced be ergot alkaloids may exacerbate these conditions. Nitroprusside and heparin have been used to treat ergotamine- induced severe vasoconstriction.

References

  1. "Product Information. Migranal (dihydroergotamine nasal)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. D.H.E. 45 (dihydroergotamine)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
Moderate

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Minor Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

anticholinergics - hypertension

Cardiovascular effects of anticholinergics may exacerbate hypertension. Therapy with anticholinergic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with hypertension.

References

  1. "Product Information. Marezine (cyclizine)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  2. "Product Information. Benadryl (diphenhydramine)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Cogentin (benztropine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  4. "Product Information. Artane (trihexyphenidyl)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  5. "Product Information. Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP (atropine)." ESI Lederle Generics, Philadelphia, PA.
  6. Valentin N, Staffeldt H, Kyst A "Effect of i.v. atropine on cardiac rhythm, heart rate, blood pressure and airway secretion during isoflurane anaesthesia." Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 28 (1984): 621-4
  7. "Product Information. Antivert (meclizine)." Roerig Division, New York, NY.
View all 7 references

Bellamine S (belladonna / ergotamine / phenobarbital) drug Interactions

There are 1406 drug interactions with Bellamine S (belladonna / ergotamine / phenobarbital)

Bellamine S (belladonna / ergotamine / phenobarbital) disease Interactions

There are 35 disease interactions with Bellamine S (belladonna / ergotamine / phenobarbital) which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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