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Epsom Salt FDA Alerts

The FDA Alert(s) below may be specifically about Epsom Salt or relate to a group or class of drugs which include Epsom Salt (magnesium sulfate).

MedWatch Safety Alerts are distributed by the FDA and published by Drugs.com. Following is a list of possible medication recalls, market withdrawals, alerts and warnings. For the latest FDA MedWatch alerts, go here.

Recent FDA Alert(s) for magnesium sulfate

Magnesium Sulfate in Water for Injection by Hospira: Recall - Incorrect Barcode Labeling on the Primary Container

Jan 6, 2016

Audience: Pharmacy

ISSUE: Hospira, Inc. announced a voluntary recall of one lot of MAGNESIUM SULFATE IN WATER FOR INJECTION (0.325 mEq Mg**/mL) 40 mg/mL 2g total, 50 mL (NDC: 0409-6729-24, Lot 53-113-JT, Expiry 1NOV2016) to the user level due to a confirmed customer report of an incorrect barcode on the primary bag labeling. The product has a barcode identifying the product contents on both the overwrap and on the primary container. The barcode on the overwrap is correct; however, there is potential for the primary container barcode to be mislabeled with the barcode for HEPARIN SODIUM 2000 USP UNITS/1000 mL in 0.9% SODIUM CHLORIDE INJECTION. The product is labeled with the correct printed name on the primary container and overwrap. See the Press Release for product photos.

If the incorrect barcode on Magnesium Sulfate in Water for Injection is not detected prior to dispensing or administration to a patient, and the product is administered based on the printed name, patient harm is unlikely since the barcode on the overwrap and readable text on the primary container and overwrap are correct. However, if detected, there is the potential for delay in treatment of Magnesium Sulfate in Water for Injection that can result in life-threatening seizures, stroke, cerebral hemorrhage and maternal death, and attendant risks to the fetus, including fetal demise. Administration of the magnesium sulfate drug product to a patient who is prescribed heparin and in whom the Magnesium Sulfate is contraindicated can result in serious adverse events related to the drug’s pharmacologic action and may require medical intervention. Although serious in nature, the likelihood of this risk to occur is low due to the high detectability of this nonconformance.

BACKGROUND: Magnesium Sulfate in Water for Injection is indicated for the prevention and control of seizures in preeclampsia and eclampsia, respectively. The product is packaged 50 mL fill, in 100 mL container bags and sold 24 bags per carton (NDC: 0409-6729-24, Lot 53-113-JT, Expiry 1NOV2016). The lot was distributed nationwide in the U.S. to wholesalers, distributors and hospitals from September 2015 to November 2015. Hospira has initiated an investigation to determine the root cause and corrective and preventive actions.

RECOMMENDATION: Anyone with an existing inventory of the recalled lot should stop use and distribution and quarantine the product immediately. Customers should notify all users in their facility. Customers who have further distributed the recalled product should notify any accounts or additional locations which may have received the recalled product and instruct them if they have redistributed the product to notify their accounts, locations or facilities to the consumer level.

Hospira is notifying its direct customers via a recall letter and is arranging for impacted product to be returned to Stericycle in the United States. For additional assistance, call Stericycle at 1-877-650-7695 between the hours of 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. ET, Monday through Friday.

Healthcare professionals and patients are encouraged to report adverse events or side effects related to the use of these products to the FDA's MedWatch Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program:

  • Complete and submit the report Online: www.fda.gov/MedWatch/report
  • Download form or call 1-800-332-1088 to request a reporting form, then complete and return to the address on the pre-addressed form, or submit by fax to 1-800-FDA-0178

[01/05/2016 - Press Release - Hospira] 
 

Magnesium Sulfate in 5 Percent Dextrose Injection by Hospira: Recall - Incorrect Barcode Labeling

Mar 6, 2015

Audience: Pharmacy, Risk Manager

ISSUE: Hospira announced a voluntary recall of one lot of Magnesium Sulfate in 5% Dextrose, Inj., USP, 10 mg/mL (NDC: 0409-6727-23, Lot 42-120-JT, Expiry 1DEC2015) to the user level due to confirmed customer reports of an incorrect barcode on the primary bag labeling. The barcode on the overwrap is correct; however, there is potential for the primary container barcode to be mislabeled with the barcode for Heparin Sodium 2000 USP units/1000 mL in 0.9% Sodium Chloride Inj. The product is labeled with the correct printed name on the primary container and overwrap.

If the incorrect barcode on Magnesium Sulfate in 5% Dextrose, Inj., USP, 10 mg/ mL is not detected prior to dispensing or administration to a patient, and the product is administered based on the printed name, patient harm is unlikely since the barcode on the overwrap and readable text on the primary container and overwrap are correct. However, if detected, there is the potential for delay in treatment of magnesium sulfate in 5% dextrose, that can result in life-threatening seizures, stroke, cerebral hemorrhage and maternal death, and attendant risks to the fetus, including fetal demise. Administration of the magnesium sulfate drug product to a patient who is prescribed heparin and in whom the magnesium sulfate is contraindicated can result in serious adverse events related to the drug’s pharmacologic action and may require medical intervention.

BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulfate in 5% dextrose injection, USP, is a prescription product administered intravenously for the prevention and control of seizures in preeclampsia and eclampsia, respectively. The product is packaged in 50/100 mL container bags and sold 24 bags per carton (NDC: 0409-6727-23, Lot 42-120-JT, Expiry 1DEC2015). The lot was distributed nationwide in the U.S. to wholesalers, distributers and hospitals from October 2014 to January 2015.

RECOMMENDATION: Anyone with an existing inventory of the recalled lot should stop use and distribution and quarantine the product immediately. Customers should notify all users in their facility. Customers who have further distributed the recalled product should notify any accounts or additional locations which may have received the recalled product and instruct them if they have redistributed the product to notify their accounts, locations or facilities to the consumer level. Hospira will be notifying its direct customers via a recall letter and is arranging for impacted product to be returned to Stericycle in the United States. For additional assistance, call Stericycle at 1-866-382-9260 between the hours of 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. ET, Monday through Friday. Patients should contact their physician or healthcare provider if they have experienced any problems that may be related to using this drug product.

Healthcare professionals and patients are encouraged to report adverse events or side effects related to the use of these products to the FDA's MedWatch Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program:

  • Complete and submit the report Online: www.fda.gov/MedWatch/report
  • Download form or call 1-800-332-1088 to request a reporting form, then complete and return to the address on the pre-addressed form, or submit by fax to 1-800-FDA-0178

[03/06/2015 - Press Release - Hospira]
 

Magnesium Sulfate: Drug Safety Communication - Recommendation Against Prolonged Use in Pre-term Labor

May 30, 2013

Audience: OB/GYN, Nursing, Risk Manager

ISSUE: FDA is advising health care professionals against using magnesium sulfate injection for more than 5-7 days to stop pre-term labor in pregnant women. Administration of magnesium sulfate injection to pregnant women longer than 5-7 days may lead to low calcium levels and bone problems in the developing baby or fetus, including thin bones (osteopenia), and fractures. The shortest duration of treatment that can result in harm to the baby is not known. See the Data Summary in the Drug Safety Communication for additional information.

BACKGROUND: This use of the drug is off-label, and is not an FDA-approved use of the drug. Magnesium sulfate is approved to prevent seizures in preeclampsia, a condition in which the pregnant woman develops high blood pressure and protein in the urine, and for control of seizures in eclampsia. Both preeclampsia and eclampsia are life-threatening complications that can occur during pregnancy. Preeclampsia can lead to eclampsia, seizures, stroke, multiple organ failure, and death of the woman and/or baby.

RECOMMENDATIONS: In light of this new safety information about low calcium levels and bone problems in the developing baby, the following information is being added to the drug label for Magnesium Sulfate Injection, USP 50%:

  • A new Warning stating that continuous administration of magnesium sulfate injection beyond 5-7 days in pregnancy for the treatment of pre-term labor can cause low calcium levels and bone changes in the baby.
  • A new Teratogenic Effects section conveying the potential harm to developing babies by changing the Pregnancy Category to D from A. Pregnancy Category D means there is positive evidence of human fetal risk, but the potential benefits from using the drug in pregnant women may be acceptable in certain situations despite its risks.
  • A new Labor and Delivery section emphasizing that continuous administration of magnesium sulfate injection to treat pre-term labor is not approved and that the safety and efficacy of use for this indication are not established. When used in pregnant women for conditions other than its approved indication, magnesium sulfate injection should be administered only by trained obstetrical personnel in a hospital setting with appropriate obstetrical care facilities.

Pregnant women should discuss with their health care professional the possibility of going into labor before term and the risks and benefits of any treatments that may be used.

 

[05/30/2013 - Drug Safety Communication - FDA]

[05/30/2013 - Comunicado de la FDA sobre la seguridad de los medicamentos: FDA recomienda que no se use el sulfato de magnesio por periodos prolongados para detener partos prematuros debido a cambios en los huesos de los bebés expuestos - FDA]
 

Magnesium Sulfate Injection by Fresenius Kabi USA: Recall - Glass Particles in Vials

May 29, 2013

Audience: Risk Manager, Pharmacy

ISSUE: Fresenius Kabi USA notified health professionals of a voluntary recall of one lot – Lot 6103882 – of Magnesium Sulfate Injection, USP due to the potential presence of glass particles in the vials. The recalled product is labeled with Product Code 6450 and packaged as 500mg/mL strength in 50mL glass vials (25 vials per tray). The product was shipped in the United States between May 30, 2012 and June 6, 2012 and has an expiration date of October 31, 2014.

The administration of glass particulate, if present in a parenteral drug, can lead to sequelae of thromboembolism, some life-threatening (such as pulmonary emboli); phlebitis, mechanical block of the capillaries or arterioles; activation of platelets; and subsequent generation of microthrombi. Patients with preexisting condition of trauma or other medical condition that adversely affects the microvascular blood supply are at an increased risk. Administration of a glass particulate can also lead to formation of granulomas, a protective local inflammatory response to the foreign material.

BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulfate is used as electrolyte replacement therapy in the treatment of magnesium deficiency, and as an anticonvulsant to prevent and control seizures in severe toxemia of pregnancy.

RECOMMENDATION: All customers who received the recalled vials are being notified and instructed to return any unused product to their supplier.

Healthcare professionals and patients are encouraged to report adverse events or side effects related to the use of these products to the FDA's MedWatch Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program:

  • Complete and submit the report Online: www.fda.gov/MedWatch/report.htm
  • Download form or call 1-800-332-1088 to request a reporting form, then complete and return to the address on the pre-addressed form, or submit by fax to 1-800-FDA-0178


[05/29/2013 - Press Release - Fresenius Kabi USA]

Med Prep Consulting Inc. Compounded Products: Recall - Potential Mold Contamination

Mar 18, 2013

Audience: Risk Manager, Pharmacy, Family Practice

ISSUE: Med Prep Consulting, Inc. notified the public that it is recalling all lots of all products compounded at its facility, due to lack of sterility assurance. The level of recall is to the user: regional hospital pharmacies and related departments, and physician’s office practices. The recall resulted from the pharmacy being notified by a Connecticut hospital that it observed visible particulate contaminants in 50 ml bags of MAGNESIUM SULFATE 2GM IN DEXTROSE 5% IN WATER, 50ML FOR INJECTION intravenous solution, confirmed to be mold. These were unique and distinct lots compounded and dispensed by the pharmacy to the Connecticut hospital. At this time a total of five (5) contaminated bags were discovered. See the Med Prep Press Release for a list of affected products.

Administration of an intravenous product found to be contaminated with mold could result in a fatal infection in a broad array of patients.

BACKGROUND: The affected products are used for a wide range of therapeutic uses for hospitalized inpatients and outpatients, and, patients directly treated by a health care professional at a physician’s office practice facility or clinic. None of these products are dispensed directly to patients from retail pharmacies or to home care patients for either self-administration or nursing administration.

All products are packaged in plastic infusion bags, plastic infusion devices, plastic syringes and glass vials. Products packaged in plastic infusion bags, plastic infusion devices, plastic syringes and glass vials were distributed directly to regional hospital pharmacies located in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and Delaware. Products packaged in plastic syringes only, were distributed nationwide to physician’s office practice facilities and clinics. All of these products were distributed to the described users through March 13, 2013, from Tinton Falls, New Jersey to both regional and nationwide locations.

RECOMMENDATION: All facilities that received any product compounded by Med Prep Consulting, Inc. have been notified by telephone fax, electronic mail and regular mail of the recall and have been instructed to remove and return the product to the pharmacy. Facilities with questions may contact the company at 732-493-3390, Monday through Friday, between 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. EST.


[03/17/2013 - Press Release - Med Prep Consulting, Inc]
[03/16/2013 - Press Release - Med Prep Consulting, Inc]

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