Hypervitaminosis D is a condition that occurs after taking very high doses of vitamin D.
Causes of Hypervitaminosis D
The cause is excess intake of Vitamin D. The doses need to be very high, far above what a medical provider would normally prescribe.
There has been a lot of confusion caused by internet articles about Vitamin D supplementation. It is extremely unusual for anybody to need more than 2000 IU of Vitamin D a day.
For most people, Vitamin D toxicity only occurs with Vitamin D doses above 10,000 IU per day.
Hypervitaminosis D Symptoms
An excess of vitamin D causes abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia). This can severely damage the kidneys, soft tissues, and bones over time.
- Decreased appetite (anorexia)
- Muscle weakness
Tests and Exams
- Excess calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia)
- Excess calcium in the urine (hypercalciuria)
- Excessive thirst (polydipsia)
- High blood pressure
- Passing large amounts of urine (polyuria)
Tests to confirm the diagnosis:
- 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D levels
- 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels
- Serum calcium
- Serum phosphorus
- X-ray of the bone
Treatment of Hypervitaminosis D
Stop taking vitamin D. Talk to your health care provider. In severe cases, other treatment may be needed.
Recovery is expected.
- Kidney damage
- Kidney stones
When to Contact a Health Professional
Call your health care provider if:
- You or your child shows symptoms of hypervitaminosis D and has been taking more vitamin D than the recommended daily allowance
- You or your child shows symptoms and has been taking a prescription form of vitamin D
Prevention of Hypervitaminosis D
To prevent this condition, pay careful attention to the correct vitamin D dose.
|Review Date: 11/7/2013
Reviewed By: Brent Wisse, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology & Nutrition, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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