Cri du chat syndrome
Cri du chat syndrome is a group of symptoms that result from missing a piece of chromosome number 5. The syndrome's name is based on the infant's cry, which is high-pitched and sounds like a cat.
Causes of Cri du chat syndrome
Cri du chat syndrome is rare. It is caused by a missing piece of chromosome 5.
Most cases are believed to occur during the development of the egg or sperm. A small number of cases occur when a parent passes a different, rearranged form of the chromosome to their child.
Cri du chat syndrome Symptoms
- Cry that is high-pitched and sounds like a cat
- Downward slant to the eyes
- Low birth weight and slow growth
- Low-set or abnormally shaped ears
- Intellectual disability
- Partial webbing or fusing of fingers or toes
- Single line in the palm of the hand
- Skin tags just in front of the ear
- Slow or incomplete development of motor skills
- Small head (microcephaly)
- Small jaw (micrognathia)
- Wide-set eyes
Tests and Exams
The doctor will perform a physical exam. This may show:
- Inguinal hernia
- Diastasis recti (separation of the muscles in the belly area)
- Low muscle tone
- Epicanthal folds, an extra fold of skin over the inner corner of the eye
- Problems with the folding of the outer ears
Genetic tests can show a missing part of chromosome 5. Skull x-ray may reveal any problems with the shape of the base of the skull.
Treatment of Cri du chat syndrome
There is no specific treatment. Your doctor will suggest ways to treat or manage the symptoms.
Parents of a child with this syndrome should have genetic counseling and testing to determine if one parent has a change in chromosome 5.
5P- Society -- www.fivepminus.org
Intellectual disability is common. Half of children with this syndrome learn enough verbal skills to communicate. The cat-like cry becomes less noticeable over time.
Complications depend on the amount of intellectual disability and physical problems. Symptoms may affect the person's ability to care for themselves.
When to Contact a Health Professional
This syndrome is usually diagnosed at birth. Your health care provider will discuss your baby's symptoms with you. It is important to continue regular visits with the child's health care providers after leaving the hospital.
Genetic counseling and testing is recommended for all persons with a family history of this syndrome.
Prevention of Cri du chat syndrome
There is no known prevention. Couples with a family history of this syndrome who wish to become pregnant may consider genetic counseling.
Bacino CA, Lee B. Cytogenetics. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. Geme JW III, Shor NF, Behrman RE, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 76.
|Review Date: 9/8/2013
Reviewed By: Chad Haldeman-Englert, MD, FACMG, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Section on Medical Genetics, Winston-Salem, NC. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.