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COPD (dyphylline / guaifenesin) Disease Interactions

There are 4 disease interactions with COPD (dyphylline / guaifenesin):

Major

Dyphylline (Includes COPD) ↔ Renal Dysfunction

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

Dyphylline is eliminated almost entirely by the kidney. Drug accumulation may occur in patients with impaired renal function. Like other methylxanthines, high plasma levels of the drug may be associated with severe cardio- and neurotoxicity, sometimes without any previous warning. Therapy with dyphylline should be administered cautiously in patients with renal impairment. Dosage adjustments may be necessary. The relationship between plasma dyphylline levels and therapeutic as well as toxic effects has not been determined.

References

  1. "Multum Information Services, Inc. Expert Review Panel"
  2. "Product Information. Lufyllin (dyphylline)" Wallace Laboratories, Cranbury, NJ.
Major

Methylxanthines (Includes COPD) ↔ Pud

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Peptic Ulcer

Methylxanthines are known to stimulate peptic acid secretion. Therapy with products containing methylxanthines should be administered with extreme caution in patients with active peptic ulcer disease. Some manufacturers consider their use to be contraindicated under such circumstance.

References

  1. "Product Information. Theo-Dur (theophylline)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  2. Alterman P, Spiegel D, Feldman J, Yaretzky A "Histamine h2-receptor antagonists and chronic theophylline toxicity." Am Fam Physician 54 (1996): 1473
  3. Stoller JL "Oesophageal ulceration and theophylline." Lancet 2 (1985): 328-9
View all 4 references
Moderate

Dyphylline (Includes COPD) ↔ Cardiotoxicity

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Tachyarrhythmia, Angina Pectoris, Myocardial Infarction, Post MI Syndrome, Hyperthyroidism, Hypertension

Like other methylxanthines, dyphylline at high dosages may be associated with positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on the heart. Therapy with dyphylline and products containing dyphylline should be administered cautiously in patients with severe cardiac disease, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, or recent myocardial infarction. The relationship between plasma dyphylline levels and therapeutic as well as toxic effects has not been determined.

References

  1. "Multum Information Services, Inc. Expert Review Panel"
  2. "Product Information. Lufyllin (dyphylline)" Wallace Laboratories, Cranbury, NJ.
Moderate

Methylxanthines (Includes COPD) ↔ Gerd

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Methylxanthines increase gastric acidity and may also relax lower esophageal sphincter, which can lead to gastric reflux into the esophagus. Therapy with products containing methylxanthines should be administered cautiously in patients with significant gastroesophageal reflux.

References

  1. American Medical Association, Division of Drugs and Toxicology "Drug evaluations annual 1994." Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; (1994):
  2. Stoller JL "Oesophageal ulceration and theophylline." Lancet 2 (1985): 328-9
  3. Alterman P, Spiegel D, Feldman J, Yaretzky A "Histamine h2-receptor antagonists and chronic theophylline toxicity." Am Fam Physician 54 (1996): 1473
View all 4 references

COPD (dyphylline / guaifenesin) drug Interactions

There are 121 drug interactions with COPD (dyphylline / guaifenesin)

COPD (dyphylline / guaifenesin) alcohol/food Interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with COPD (dyphylline / guaifenesin)

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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