Skip to Content
Medical Term:

zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis


Definition: a form of cutaneous leishmaniasis characterized by rural distribution of human cases near infected rodents, particularly communal ground squirrels; characterized by acute rapidly developing dermal lesions that become severely inflamed, with moist necrotizing sores or ulcers that heal in 2–8 months after a 2–4-month incubation period; among nonimmune immigrants, multiple lesions may develop, which heal more slowly and leave disabling or disfiguring scars. A strong delayed hypersensitivity and involvement of immune complexes play a role in necrosis, which is part of the healing process and of the strong specific immunity that follows.

Synonym(s): acute cutaneous leishmaniasis, rural cutaneous leishmaniasis, wet cutaneous leishmaniasis

© Copyright 2016 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.