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Medical Term:

xanthine oxidase


a flavoprotein containing molybdenum; an oxidoreductase catalyzing the reaction of xanthine, O2, and H2O to produce urate and superoxide. Also oxidizes hypoxanthine, some other purines and pterins, and aldehydes. A lower rate of oxidation is observed in patients with molybdenum cofactor deficiency.

Synonym(s): hypoxanthine oxidase, Schardinger enzyme

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