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Waardenburg syndrome

Pronunciation: var-den-berg

Definition: disorder characterized by lateral displacement of inner canthi (dystopia canthorum), broad nasal root, heterochromia iridis, sensory hearing impairment, white forelock, and synophrys; autosomal dominant inheritance with type 1 distinguished from type 2 by the presence of dystopia canthorum. Types 1 and 3 are caused by mutation in the PAX3 gene on chromosome 2q, whereas some cases of type 2 are caused by mutation in the microphthalmia transcription factor gene (MITF) on 3p. Type 4 is caused by mutations of EDNB on 13q, EDN3 on 20q, or SOX10 on 22q.

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.