Type 1 diabetes
Definition: a condition characterized by high blood glucose levels caused by a total lack of insulin. Occurs when the body's immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them. The pancreas then produces little or no insulin. Type 1 diabetes develops most often in young people but can appear in adults.
Synonym(s): juvenile-onset diabetes
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.