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Pronunciation: trans-la'shun


  1. A change or conversion into another form.
  2. The complex process by which messenger RNA, transfer RNA, and ribosomes effect the production of protein from amino acids, the specificity of synthesis being controlled by the base sequences of the messenger RNA.
  3. In dentistry, the movement of a tooth through alveolar bone without change in axial inclination.

[L. translatio, a transferring, fr. transfero pp. -latus, to carry across]

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