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transketolase

Pronunciation: trans-ke'to-las

Definition: A transferase bringing about the reversible interconversion of sedoheptulose 7-phosphate and d-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate to produce d-ribose 5-phosphate and d-xylulose 5-phosphate, and also other similar reactions, such as hydroxypyruvate and an aldehyde into CO2 and an extended hydroxypyruvate; a part of the nonoxidative phase of the pentose phosphate pathway.

Synonym(s): glycolaldehydetransferase

See Also: transaldolase

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© Copyright 2017 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.
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