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Pronunciation: thi-rot'ro-pin, thi-ro-tro'pin

Definition: A glycoprotein hormone produced by the anterior lobe of the hypophysis that stimulates the growth and function of the thyroid gland; also used as a diagnostic test to differentiate primary and secondary hypothyroidism.

Synonym(s): thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyrotrophin, thyrotropic hormone

[for thyrotrophin, fr. thyro- + G. throphe, nourishment; corrupted to -tropin, and reanalyzed as fr. G. trope, a turning]

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.