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Medical Term:

Sydenham chorea

Pronunciation: sid'en-ham


a postinfectious chorea appearing several months after a streptococcal infection with subsequent rheumatic fever. The chorea typically involves the distal limbs and is associated with hypotonia and emotional lability. Improvement occurs over weeks or months and exacerbations occur without associated infection recurrence.

Synonym(s): acute chorea, chorea minor, juvenile chorea, rheumatic chorea, Sydenham disease

© Copyright 2017 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.