branch that is directed upward or cranially or is highly placed, usually in contrast to an inferior branch. Terminologia Anatomica lists superior branches (ramus superior/rami superiores) of the following: 1) right and left inferior pulmonary veins (venae pulmonalis dextrae/sinistrae inferioris [TA]); 2) oculomotor nerve (CN III) (nervi oculomotorii [CN III] [TA]); 3) superior gluteal artery (arteriae gluteae superioris [TA]; and 4) transverse cervical nerve (nervi transversalis cervicalis [colli] [TA]).
Synonym(s): ramus superior
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