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suboccipital muscles


Definition: a group of muscles located immediately below the occipital bone; they are the rectus capitis anterior muscle, rectus capitis posterior major and minor muscles, rectus capitis lateralis muscle, obliquus capitis superior and inferior muscles; innervated by the suboccipital nerve; although its actions have been described, it is held by many authorities that these muscles act primarily as organs of proprioception.

Synonym(s): musculi suboccipitalesTA

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.