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strangles

Pronunciation: strang'gelz

Definition: A highly contagious condition of horses resulting from infection with Streptococcus equi equi. Abbreviated taxonomy: Bacteria; Firmicutes; Lactobacillales; Streptococcaceae; Streptoccus; Streptococcus equi. Lymphadenopathy, especially of mandibular, parotid, and retropharyngeal lymph nodes; may abscess and impinge on the airways (thus the familiar name, which is derived from the verb strangle); causes mucopurulent nasal discharge, anemia, cough, can progress to lower airway infection, and may recrudesce months later as mesenteric lymphadenopathy with abscessation (so-called bastard strangles) and lead to signs of colic. A vaccine is available.

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review date: Sep 19, 2016.

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