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Pronunciation: stra-mo'ne-um

Definition: The dried leaves and flowering or fruiting tops with branches of Datura stramonium or D. tatula (family Solanaceae), a herb abounding in temperate and subtropic countries; it contains an alkaloid, daturine, identical with hyoscyamine. It is an antispasmodic and has been used in the treatment of asthma and parkinsonism; when abused or taken inadvertently, it may cause an atropine-like toxic psychosis.

[Mod. L.]

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.