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sorbitol

Pronunciation: sor'bi-tol

Definition: A reduction product of glucose and sorbose found in the berries of the rowan/mountain ash, Sorbus aucuparia (family Rosaceae), and in many fruits and seaweeds. It has many industrial and pharmaceutical uses; medicinally, it is used as a laxative and as a sweetening agent, and is almost completely metabolized (to CO2 and H2O); accumulates in Type 1 diabetes mellitus; elevated levels can cause osmotic damage.

Synonym(s): sorbite

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© Copyright 2017 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.
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