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Medical Term:

sex chromosomes


Definition: the pair of chromosomes responsible for sex determination. In humans and most animals, the sex chromosomes are designated X and Y; females have two X chromosomes, males have one X and one Y chromosome In certain birds, insects, and fish the sex chromosomes are designated Z and W; males have two Z chromosomes, females may have one Z and one W chromosome, or one Z and no W chromosome.

Synonym(s): gonosome

© Copyright 2016 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.