a small condensed mass of the inactivated X-chromosome usually located just inside the nuclear membrane of the interphase nucleus; the number of sex chromatin bodies per nucleus is one less than the number of X-chromosomes; normal males and females with Turner syndrome (XO) have none (sex chromatin negative), normal females and males with Klinefelter syndrome (XXY) have one, and XXX-females have two. For technical reasons only about half the cells in a preparation show typical masses.
Synonym(s): Barr chromatin body
See Also: Lyon hypothesis
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