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Pronunciation: se-ra'she-a

Definition: A genus of motile, peritrichous, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic bacteria (family Enterobacteriaceae) that contains small, gram-negative rods. Some strains are encapsulated. Many strains produce a pink, red, or magenta pigment; their metabolism is fermentative and they are saprophytic on decaying plant and animal materials. The type species is Serratia marcescens.

[Serafino Serrati, 18th-century Italian physicist]

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.