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serotonin

Pronunciation: ser'o-to'nin

Definition: A vasoconstrictor, liberated by blood platelets, that inhibits gastric secretion and stimulates smooth muscle; present in relatively high concentrations in some areas of the central nervous system (hypothalamus, basal ganglia), and occurring in many peripheral tissues and cells and in carcinoid tumors.

Synonym(s): 5-hydroxytryptamine, enteramine, thrombocytin, thrombotonin

[sero- + G. tonos, tone, tension, + -in]

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© Copyright 2017 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.
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