An acute exanthematous disease, caused by infection with streptococcal organisms producing an erythrogenic toxin, marked by fever and other constitutional disturbances, and a generalized eruption of closely aggregated bright red points or small macules followed by desquamation in large scales, shreds, or sheets; mucous membrane of the mouth and fauces is usually also involved.
Synonym(s): scarlet fever
[through It. fr. Mediev. L. scarlatum, scarlet, a scarlet cloth]
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.