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Medical Term:


Pronunciation: skar'la-te'na


An acute exanthematous disease, caused by infection with streptococcal organisms producing an erythrogenic toxin, marked by fever and other constitutional disturbances, and a generalized eruption of closely aggregated bright red points or small macules followed by desquamation in large scales, shreds, or sheets; mucous membrane of the mouth and fauces is usually also involved.

Synonym(s): scarlet fever

[through It. fr. Mediev. L. scarlatum, scarlet, a scarlet cloth]

© Copyright 2017 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.