Definition: The 2-keto isomer of ribose. As the 5-phosphate, it participates in the pentose monophosphate shunt; as the 1,5-bisphosphate, it combines with CO2 at the start of the photosynthetic process in green plants (“carbon dioxide trap”); d-ribulose is the epimer of d-xylulose.
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.