Definition: a disease of humans caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense in eastern Africa from Ethiopia and Uganda south to Zimbabwe; it is clinically similar to Gambian trypanosomiasis but of shorter duration and more acute in form; patients suffer repeated episodes of pyrexia, become anemic, and frequently die from cardiac failure.
Synonym(s): acute African sleeping sickness, acute trypanosomiasis, East African sleeping sickness, East African trypanosomiasis
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