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Pronunciation: rab'do-vir'i-de

Definition: A family of rod- or bullet-shaped viruses of vertebrates, insects, and plants, including rabiesvirus and vesicular stomatitis virus (of cattle). Virions (100–430 by 45–100 nm), formed by budding from surface membranes of cells, are enveloped and ether sensitive, with surface spikes 5–10 nm long; nucleocapsids contain negative-sense single-stranded RNA (MW ~4.4 × 106) and are of helical symmetry. Five genera have been found: Vesiculovirus, Lyssavirus, Ephemerovirus, Nucleorhabdovirus, and Cytorhabdovirus.

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review date: Sep 19, 2016.