Definition: A disease of a wide variety of animal species caused by the bacterium Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. Epizootics of pseudotuberculosis are commonly seen in birds and rodents, often with high case-fatality rates. In humans, seven clinical entities are recognized: primary focalized infections (pseudoappendicitis, acute mesenteric lymphadenitis, or acute terminal ileitis), primary generalized infections (septicemia or scarlatiniform fever), and secondary immunologic phenomena (erythema nodosum or arthralgia).
Synonym(s): pseudotubercular yersiniosis
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