Definition: the type species of the bacterial genus Proteus, found in putrefying materials and in abscesses; it is pathogenic for fish, dogs, guinea pigs, and mice; certain strains, the X strains of Weil and Felix, are agglutinated by typhus serum and are therefore of great importance in the diagnosis of typhus; strain X-19 is strongly agglutinated.
See Also: Weil-Felix reaction
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.