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platysma (muscle)

 

Definition: facial muscle in neck region; origin, subcutaneous layer and fascia covering pectoralis major and deltoid at level of first or second rib; insertion, lower border of mandible, risorius and platysma of opposite side; action, depresses lower lip, forms ridges in skin of neck and upper chest when jaws are “clenched”, denoting stress, anger; nerve supply, cervical branch of facial.

Synonym(s): platysmaTA, musculus platysma myoides, musculus platysma, musculus subcutaneus colli, musculus tetragonus

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© Copyright 2017 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.
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