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periodontium

Pronunciation: per'e-o-don'she-um, -she-a

Definition: The connective tissue that surrounds the tooth root and attaches it to its bony socket; it consists of fibers anchored in the cementum and extending into the alveolar bone; the tissues that surround and support the teeth, including the gingivae, cementum, desmodentium, periodontal fibrs, and alveolar and supporting bone.

Synonym(s): periodontal membrane, alveolar periosteum, periosteum alveolare, alveolodental membrane, gingivodental ligament, paradentium, parodontium, peridental membrane, peridentium, tapetum alveoli

[L. fr. peri- + G. odous, tooth]

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© Copyright 2017 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.
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