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optic nerve [CN II]


Definition: although classified as a cranial nerve, the optic nerve is actually an extension of the forebrain; it conveys afferent fibers from the ganglion cells of the retina, and it passes out of the orbit through the optic canal to the chiasm, where a portion of the fibers cross to the opposite side in the optic chiasm; crossed and uncrossed fibers pass through the optic tract to the geniculate bodies, superior colliculus, and pretectum.

Synonym(s): nervus opticus [CN II]TA, second cranial nerve [CN II]

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.