Definition: a brachial plexus lesion sustained by the infant during the birthing process; three types are recognized: upper plexus type, affecting the shoulder and upper arm (Erb palsy, q.v., by far the most common form); total plexus type, involving the whole arm; and lower plexus type, involving the forearm and hand (Klumpke palsy, q.v.).
Synonym(s): brachial birth palsy, obstetric paralysis
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