noninvasive positive pressure ventilation
the application of positive pressure through a nasal or full-face mask encompassing the nose and mouth, which is cycled in a similar way to modes of ventilation in which more direct control of the patient's airway or trachea has been achieved. This type of ventilation is often used to temporize while treating the patient to avoid endotracheal intubation.
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.