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Pronunciation: nu'ro-en'do-krin


  1. Pertaining to the anatomic and functional relationships between the nervous system and the endocrine apparatus.
  2. Descriptive of cells that release a hormone into the circulating blood in response to a neural stimulus. Such cells may compose a peripheral endocrine gland (the insulin-secreting ß cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas and the adrenaline-secreting chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla); others are neurons in the brain ( the neurons of the supraoptic nucleus that release antidiuretic hormone from their axon terminals in the posterior lobe of the hypophysis).
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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.