Pronunciation: mon'o-so'de-um glu'ta-mat
Definition: The monosodium salt of the naturally occurring l form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to colloquially named “Chinese restaurant” syndrome; also used intravenously as an adjunct in treatment of encephalopathies associated with hepatic disease.
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Examples: glitazone, GI cocktail, etc.