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Pronunciation: mung'ke-poks

Definition: A disease of monkeys and, rarely, of humans, caused by the monkeypox virus, a member of the family Poxviridae; the human disease is serious and clinically resembles smallpox. An outbreak was recorded in the U.S. midwest in 2003 that was derived from a vector in prairie dogs infected by proximity to a giant rat of the Gambia in a pet shop.

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review date: Sep 19, 2016.