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Pronunciation: mel'an-ko'le-a


  1. A severe form of depression marked by anhedonia, insomnia, psychomotor changes, and guilt.
  2. A symptom occurring in other conditions, marked by depression of spirits and by a sluggish and painful process of thought.

Synonym(s): melancholy

[melan- + G. chole, bile. See humoral doctrine]

Further information

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review date: Sep 19, 2016.