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medial circumflex femoral artery


Definition: artery that, with the lateral circumflex femoral artery encircles the proximal femur and is the primary blood supply of the femoral head and neck; origin, profunda femoris; distribution, hip joint, muscles of thigh; anastomoses, inferior gluteal, superior gluteal, lateral circumflex femoral (so-called “cruciate anastomosis”).

Synonym(s): arteria circumflexa femoris medialisTA, medial circumflex artery of thigh, medial femoral circumflex artery

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© Copyright 2018 Wolters Kluwer. All Rights Reserved. Review Date: Sep 19, 2016.