Definition: an enzyme that, using either NAD+ or NADP+, catalyzes the dehydrogenation of malate to oxaloacetate or its decarboxylation to pyruvate and CO2. At least six malate dehydrogenases are known, distinguished by their products, use of NAD+ or NADP+, and specificity of substrate (one acts on d-malate, the rest act on l-malate); one of these proteins is an enzyme in the tricarboxylic acid cycle.
Synonym(s): malic acid dehydrogenase, malic dehydrogenase, malic enzyme, pyruvic-malic carboxylase
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